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Case Report

Cardiac Rhabdoid Tumor—A Rare Foe—Case Report and Literature Review

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Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Morphofunctional Sciences I—Pathology, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iaşi, Romania
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Department of Surgery II, Discipline of Pediatric Surgery, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, University Street, no. 16, 700115 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Biology, University “Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, Carol I Ave, no. 11, 700505 Iasi, Romania
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Faculty of Medicine, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi, 16 Universitatii Str., 700115 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic Alix College of Medicine, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA
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Department of Cardiology, Saint Mary Emergency Children Hospital, Vasile Lupu Street, no 62, 700309 Iasi, Romania
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefano Giuliani
Children 2022, 9(7), 942; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9070942
Received: 2 May 2022 / Revised: 15 June 2022 / Accepted: 17 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
Intracardiac masses are unusual findings in infants, and most of them are benign. Nevertheless, they may be associated with a significant degree of hemodynamic instability and/or arrhythmias. Malignant tumors of the heart rarely occur in children. Rhabdoid tumors are aggressive tumors with a dismal prognosis even when diagnosed early. Although rhabdomyomas are common cardiac tumors in infants, they are mostly benign. The most common sites of involvement are the kidneys and central nervous system, but soft tissues, lungs, and ovaries may also be affected. The diagnosis can be challenging, particularly in sites where they do not usually occur. In the present paper, we report the case of a 2-year-old boy diagnosed with cardiac rhabdoid tumor highlighting the importance of molecular studies and recent genetic discoveries with the purpose of improving the management of such cases. The aim of this educational case report and literature review is to raise awareness of cardiac masses in children and to point out diagnostic hints toward a cardiac tumor on various imaging modalities. Given the rarity of all tumors involving the heart and the lack of symptom specificity, a high degree of suspicion is needed to arrive at the correct diagnosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: extrarenal rhabdoid tumor; cardiac tumor; case report extrarenal rhabdoid tumor; cardiac tumor; case report
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luca, A.C.; Miron, I.C.; Cojocaru, E.; Țarcă, E.; Curpan, A.-S.; Mihăila, D.; Mihaela Trandafir, L.; Iordache, A.-C.; Lupu, V.-V.; Tazelaar, H.D.; Pădureț, I.A. Cardiac Rhabdoid Tumor—A Rare Foe—Case Report and Literature Review. Children 2022, 9, 942. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9070942

AMA Style

Luca AC, Miron IC, Cojocaru E, Țarcă E, Curpan A-S, Mihăila D, Mihaela Trandafir L, Iordache A-C, Lupu V-V, Tazelaar HD, Pădureț IA. Cardiac Rhabdoid Tumor—A Rare Foe—Case Report and Literature Review. Children. 2022; 9(7):942. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9070942

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luca, Alina C., Ingrith C. Miron, Elena Cojocaru, Elena Țarcă, Alexandrina-Stefania Curpan, Doina Mihăila, Laura Mihaela Trandafir, Alin-Constantin Iordache, Vasile-Valeriu Lupu, Henry D. Tazelaar, and Ioana A. Pădureț. 2022. "Cardiac Rhabdoid Tumor—A Rare Foe—Case Report and Literature Review" Children 9, no. 7: 942. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9070942

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