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Article

The Prevalence of Visual Impairment and Refractive Errors among a Youth Population in Mozambique: Evidence of the Need for Intervention

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Faculty of Health Sciences, Lúrio University, Nampula City 3100, Mozambique
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Department of Physics of Condensed Matter, Optics Area, University of Seville, Reina Mercedes St., 41012 Seville, Spain
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Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michelle de Haan
Children 2021, 8(10), 892; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100892
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 30 September 2021 / Accepted: 3 October 2021 / Published: 6 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Global and Public Health)
Visual impairment (VI) can significantly interfere in the child’s daily activities and quality of life, having a negative effect on their development and learning. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of VI and associated demographic factors in students examined during the program “Moçambique te vejo melhor”. This study was cross-sectional and retrospective, based on the 2018/19 edition of the program. Eye examinations were performed in secondary school students, aged between 12 and 20 years, of five districts in Nampula province. The examination included visual acuity, non-cycloplegic refraction and assessment of the anterior and posterior segment and ocular adnexa. The prevalence of uncorrected, presenting and best-corrected VI found was 18.3%, 10.8%, and 5.0%, respectively. Refractive error (RE) had a prevalence of 24.7%, and the age groups between 15–17 years and 18–20 years were significantly associated with myopia (with OR: 4.9 and OR: 8.8, respectively), as well as the 11th and 12th grade (OR: 8.1 and OR: 10.7, respectively), and Malema district had association with myopia (ORa: 0.4) and hyperopia (ORa: 0.4 and OR: 0.3) as a protective factor. The prevalence of RE and VI was relatively high, showing the need for greater intervention at the school level. View Full-Text
Keywords: visual impairment; refractive error; schoolchildren; Mozambique visual impairment; refractive error; schoolchildren; Mozambique
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sengo, D.B.; Dos Santos, I.I.D.B.; Faquihe, M.F.; Tomo, H.B.J.F.; Muaprato, A.M.; Puchar, S.; Lôbo, G.M.R.J.; López-Izquierdo, I.; Caballero, P. The Prevalence of Visual Impairment and Refractive Errors among a Youth Population in Mozambique: Evidence of the Need for Intervention. Children 2021, 8, 892. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100892

AMA Style

Sengo DB, Dos Santos IIDB, Faquihe MF, Tomo HBJF, Muaprato AM, Puchar S, Lôbo GMRJ, López-Izquierdo I, Caballero P. The Prevalence of Visual Impairment and Refractive Errors among a Youth Population in Mozambique: Evidence of the Need for Intervention. Children. 2021; 8(10):892. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100892

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sengo, Dulnério B., Isaura I.D.B. Dos Santos, Momade F. Faquihe, Hermenegildo B.J.F. Tomo, Alcino M. Muaprato, Sualé Puchar, Guida M.R.J. Lôbo, Inmaculada López-Izquierdo, and Pablo Caballero. 2021. "The Prevalence of Visual Impairment and Refractive Errors among a Youth Population in Mozambique: Evidence of the Need for Intervention" Children 8, no. 10: 892. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100892

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