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Article

The Impact of Scholastic Factors on Physical Activity Levels during the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Prospective Study on Adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
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School of Medicine, University of Mostar, 88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Faculty of Education, Institute for Physical Education and Sport, University of Malta, MSD 2080 Msida, Malta
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GALENO Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, Avenida República Saharaui s/n, 11519 Puerto Real, Spain
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Instituto de Investigación e Innovación Biomédica de Cádiz (INiBICA), 11009 Cádiz, Spain
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Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, 21102 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lesley Pritchard
Children 2021, 8(10), 877; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100877
Received: 13 September 2021 / Revised: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 29 September 2021 / Published: 1 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Exercise Science for Children)
Scholastic factors (academic achievement) are hypothesized to be important determinants of health-related behaviors in adolescents, but there is a lack of knowledge on their influence on physical activity levels (PAL), especially considering the COVID-19 pandemic and the imposed lockdown. This study aimed to investigate the associations between scholastic factors and PAL before and during the pandemic lockdown. The participants were adolescents form Bosnia and Herzegovina (n = 525, 46% females), who were observed prospectively at the baseline (before the pandemic lockdown) and during the lockdown in 2020 (follow-up). The scholastic factors (grade point average, behavioral grade, school absences, unexcused absences) were evidenced at the baseline (predictors). The outcome (PAL) was evaluated using the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents at the baseline and the follow-up. Gender, age, parental/familial conflict, and sport participation were observed as confounders. No significant influence of the predictors on PAL were evidenced at the baseline or at the follow-up. The scholastic variables were significantly associated with the changes of PAL which occurred due to pandemic lockdown, with a lower risk for negative changes in PAL among adolescents who were better in school (OR = 0.56, 95%CI: 0.34–0.81, and OR = 0.66, 95%CI: 0.34–0.97, for the grade point average and behavioral grade, respectively). Students who do well in school are probably more aware of the health benefits of proper PAL, and therefore are devoted to the maintenance of their PAL even during the home-confinement of lockdown. Public health authorities should focus more on helping adolescents to understand the importance and benefits of proper PAL throughout the school system. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; puberty; pandemic; health literacy; academic achievement physical activity; puberty; pandemic; health literacy; academic achievement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sekulic, D.; Ostojic, D.; Decelis, A.; Castro-Piñero, J.; Jezdimirovic, T.; Drid, P.; Ostojic, L.; Gilic, B. The Impact of Scholastic Factors on Physical Activity Levels during the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Prospective Study on Adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Children 2021, 8, 877. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100877

AMA Style

Sekulic D, Ostojic D, Decelis A, Castro-Piñero J, Jezdimirovic T, Drid P, Ostojic L, Gilic B. The Impact of Scholastic Factors on Physical Activity Levels during the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Prospective Study on Adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Children. 2021; 8(10):877. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100877

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sekulic, Damir, Daria Ostojic, Andrew Decelis, José Castro-Piñero, Tatjana Jezdimirovic, Patrik Drid, Ljerka Ostojic, and Barbara Gilic. 2021. "The Impact of Scholastic Factors on Physical Activity Levels during the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Prospective Study on Adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina" Children 8, no. 10: 877. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100877

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