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Open AccessArticle

Associations between Public Transport Accessibility around Homes and Schools and Walking and Cycling among Adolescents

1
Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
2
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
3
Centre for Urban Research, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT), Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
4
Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Children 2020, 7(4), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/children7040030
Received: 6 February 2020 / Revised: 26 February 2020 / Accepted: 27 March 2020 / Published: 6 April 2020
Good public transport accessibility is associated with active travel, but this is under-researched among adolescents. We tested associations between public transport accessibility and active travel among school-going adolescents (12–18 years; n = 1329) from Melbourne, Australia analysing Victorian Integrated Survey of Travel and Activity data. Outcomes included main mode of transport to school and accumulating ≥20 min of active travel over the day. Low and high compared to no public transport accessibility around homes were associated with higher odds of public transport use (low (odds ratio (OR): 1.94 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.28, 2.94) high (OR: 2.86 95% CI: 1.80, 4.53)). Low and high public transport accessibility around homes were also associated with higher prevalence of achieving ≥20 min of active travel (low (prevalence ratio (PR): 1.14 95% CI: 0.97, 1.34) high (PR: 1.31 95% CI: 1.11, 1.54)) compared to none. Public transport accessibility around schools was associated with public transport use (low (OR: 2.13 95% CI: 1.40, 3.24) high (OR: 5.07 95% CI: 3.35, 7.67)) and achieving ≥20 min of active travel (low (PR: 1.18 95% CI: 1.00, 1.38) high (PR: 1.64 95% CI: 1.41, 1.90)). Positive associations were confirmed between public transport accessibility and both outcomes of active travel. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; public transport accessibility; physical activity; household travel survey adolescents; public transport accessibility; physical activity; household travel survey
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Zulkefli, S.H.B.; Barr, A.; Singh, A.; Carver, A.; Mavoa, S.; Scheurer, J.; Badland, H.; Bentley, R. Associations between Public Transport Accessibility around Homes and Schools and Walking and Cycling among Adolescents. Children 2020, 7, 30.

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