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Article

Effects of Patient-Selected Music Listening on the Pain and Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Department of Nursing, Sahmyook Medical Center, Seoul 01795, Korea
2
College of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul 01795, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lee Bartel and Alyx Taylor
Healthcare 2021, 9(11), 1437; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111437
Received: 2 August 2021 / Revised: 19 October 2021 / Accepted: 20 October 2021 / Published: 25 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Expanding Scope of Music in Healthcare)
This study aimed to analyze the influence of patient-selected music listening on the pain and anxiety levels of hemodialysis patients after undergoing a vascular access operation. Methods: Sixty five patients were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 32) or the control group (n = 33). The experimental group was instructed to listen to their favorite music using headphones during their operations at the center. The control group underwent the operations without listening to any music. The pain measurement during vascular access operation was measured by subjective pain and objective pain behavior; anxiety was measured by subjective anxiety and anxiety states. Results: The experimental group reported significantly lower subjective pain levels than the control group (t = 9.36, p = 0.003). Regarding objective pain behaviors, the experimental group had a significantly lower score than the control group (t = 4.59, p = 0.036). The experimental group had significantly lowered subjective anxiety compared to the control group (F = 10.10, p = 0.002). Regarding anxiety states, the experimental group had significantly lower scores than the control group (F = 23.34, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The results suggest that patient-selected music listening reduced hemodialysis patients’ pain and anxiety levels during vascular access operations. Therefore, music medicine can be included as a new clinical intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: hemodialysis; vascular access; music therapy; pain; anxiety hemodialysis; vascular access; music therapy; pain; anxiety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S.; Jeong, H. Effects of Patient-Selected Music Listening on the Pain and Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1437. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111437

AMA Style

Kim S, Jeong H. Effects of Patient-Selected Music Listening on the Pain and Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Healthcare. 2021; 9(11):1437. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111437

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, SukKyong, and HyeonCheol Jeong. 2021. "Effects of Patient-Selected Music Listening on the Pain and Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Randomized Controlled Trial" Healthcare 9, no. 11: 1437. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111437

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