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Article

Type of Care and Living Situation Are Associated with Nutritional Care but Not Nutritional Status of Older Persons Receiving Home Care

1
Institute for Biomedicine of Aging, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Kobergerstrasse 60, 90408 Nuremberg, Germany
2
Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry, and Epidemiology, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Universitätsstrasse 22, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
3
IEL-Nutritional Physiology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Nußallee 9, 53115 Bonn, Germany
4
Institute of Nutrition, Consumption and Health, Universität Paderborn, Warburgerstrasse 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany
5
Department of Medicine, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Brauerstrasse 15, 8400 Winterthur, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 296; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030296
Received: 14 July 2020 / Revised: 17 August 2020 / Accepted: 21 August 2020 / Published: 25 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Care and Services for Elderly Population)
Nutritional care and nutritional status may differ in older persons receiving informal (IC) or professional (PC) home care and further depend on the living situation, but little is known in this regard. In this analysis of a cross-sectional multicenter study, type of care, living situation, and nutritional care were enquired in 353 older adults (≥65) receiving IC or PC, living either with partner (LP), with others (LO) or alone (LA), and the nutritional status was determined by BMI and MNA®. For IC receivers, food shopping (IC-LP 94%, IC-LO 96%, IC-LA 92%) and warm meals (IC-LP 89%, IC-LO 90%, IC-LA 71%) were mainly provided by relatives, whereas 47% of PC-LA prepared warm meals by themselves and 22% received meals on wheels. Thirteen percent were underweight, 13% malnourished, and 57% at risk of malnutrition without differences between the groups. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) of being malnourished were also not different (IC-LP 2.2 [95% CI 0.5–9.7], IC-LO 1.4 [0.3–6.6], IC-LA 1.4 [0.3–6.6]) compared to PC-LA. In conclusion, provision of nutritional care obviously differed according to the type of care and living situation, whereas nutritional status does not seem to be affected by these aspects. More research is clearly needed in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: type of care; living situation; nutritional care; nutritional status; older adults type of care; living situation; nutritional care; nutritional status; older adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chareh, N.; Kiesswetter, E.; Rappl, A.; Stehle, P.; Heseker, H.; Sieber, C.C.; Volkert, D. Type of Care and Living Situation Are Associated with Nutritional Care but Not Nutritional Status of Older Persons Receiving Home Care. Healthcare 2020, 8, 296. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030296

AMA Style

Chareh N, Kiesswetter E, Rappl A, Stehle P, Heseker H, Sieber CC, Volkert D. Type of Care and Living Situation Are Associated with Nutritional Care but Not Nutritional Status of Older Persons Receiving Home Care. Healthcare. 2020; 8(3):296. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030296

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chareh, Neshat, Eva Kiesswetter, Anja Rappl, Peter Stehle, Helmut Heseker, Cornel C. Sieber, and Dorothee Volkert. 2020. "Type of Care and Living Situation Are Associated with Nutritional Care but Not Nutritional Status of Older Persons Receiving Home Care" Healthcare 8, no. 3: 296. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030296

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