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Article

Study of the Effects of Recognition of Stress on Symptoms and Regular Hospital Visits: An Analysis from Japanese National Statistics

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, The Nippon Dental University, School of Life Dentistry at Niigata, Niigata 951-8151, Japan
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Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 274; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030274
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 12 August 2020 / Published: 14 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Assessments)
Stress is a risk factor for numerous lifestyle diseases, including dental diseases. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how sensitivity to psychological stress relates to subjective symptoms and regular hospital visits using information from the large-scale database of national statistics. Anonymized data from 10,584 respondents aged 30–79 of the Japanese 2013 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions were analyzed. Respondents were classified by age into a middle-aged group and an elderly group, and a contingency table analysis, rank correlation analysis, and binomial logistic regression analysis were performed. Contingency table analysis confirmed that eight items were related to the presence of a recognition of stress, including the presence of subjective symptoms (p < 0.001), the presence of regular hospital visits (p < 0.001), symptoms of periodontal disease (p < 0.001), and self-rated health (p < 0.001). Responses for symptoms and diseases requiring regular hospital visits were ranked in order for a stress group and a no stress group, and it was found that other than fatigue symptoms being ranked highly in the stress group, there were no particular differences. Logistic regression analysis results showed significant odds ratios for six items including: self-rated health (3.91, 95% CI, 3.23 to 4.73), lifestyle awareness (1.96, 95% CI, 1.68 to 2.28), and symptoms of periodontal disease (1.71, 95% CI 1.19 to 2.48). The present study showed that susceptibility to psychological stress is related to awareness of subjective symptoms and to regular hospital visits due to disease, suggesting that these have direct and indirect mutual effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: stress; health behavior; symptom assessment; disease; quality of life stress; health behavior; symptom assessment; disease; quality of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Komatsuzaki, A.; Ono, S. Study of the Effects of Recognition of Stress on Symptoms and Regular Hospital Visits: An Analysis from Japanese National Statistics. Healthcare 2020, 8, 274. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030274

AMA Style

Komatsuzaki A, Ono S. Study of the Effects of Recognition of Stress on Symptoms and Regular Hospital Visits: An Analysis from Japanese National Statistics. Healthcare. 2020; 8(3):274. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030274

Chicago/Turabian Style

Komatsuzaki, Akira, and Sachie Ono. 2020. "Study of the Effects of Recognition of Stress on Symptoms and Regular Hospital Visits: An Analysis from Japanese National Statistics" Healthcare 8, no. 3: 274. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030274

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