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Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy: Technique, Indications, Tips and Pitfalls

Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital Universitario Dr. Peset., 46017 Valencia, Spain
Department of Otolaryngology; Ospedale Morgagni Pierantoni, 47121 Forli, Italy
Department of Otolaryngology; Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore 308433, Singapore
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2019, 7(3), 93;
Received: 17 June 2019 / Revised: 9 July 2019 / Accepted: 21 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea)
PDF [2000 KB, uploaded 24 July 2019]


Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is a diagnostic tool to assess the upper airway of snorers and obstructive sleep apnea patients in conditions that mimic natural sleep. Although DISE appears simple and similar to awake endoscopy, there are many aspects that need to be standardized in order to obtain reliable and reproducible information. In this article, we will recommend how to reliably perform DISE, its indications, and how to obtain and interpret the information of the upper airway. View Full-Text
Keywords: drug-induced sleep endoscopy; DISE; sedation; obstructive sleep apnea; snoring drug-induced sleep endoscopy; DISE; sedation; obstructive sleep apnea; snoring

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Carrasco-Llatas, M.; Matarredona-Quiles, S.; De Vito, A.; Chong, K.B.; Vicini, C. Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy: Technique, Indications, Tips and Pitfalls. Healthcare 2019, 7, 93.

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