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Healthcare 2017, 5(3), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare5030040

Chronic Respiratory Disorders and Their Treatment among Older People with Intellectual Disability and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder in Comparison with the General Population

1
Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
2
Division of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
3
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2017 / Revised: 25 July 2017 / Accepted: 27 July 2017 / Published: 1 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ageing with Chronic Disease and Disability)
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Abstract

Respiratory disorders are common among people with intellectual disabilities (ID). However, few studies have investigated these disorders among older people with ID. We identified 7936 people, aged 55+ years, with ID and a reference cohort from the general population. Data on diagnoses of chronic respiratory disorders, with a focus on asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), were collected, as was information on health care visits due to such disorders. We also added data on the prescription of drugs for obstructive airway diseases. Whereas the risk of having at least one diagnosis of asthma during the study period was similar in the two cohorts, people with ID were less likely than the general population to have been diagnosed with COPD. The same was found for health care visits due to asthma and COPD, respectively. The patterns of drug prescription were similar among people with ID and the general population, with the exception of adrenergics for systemic use, which were more commonly prescribed to people with ID. Thus, older people with ID do not seem to have an increased risk of asthma or COPD. Moreover, the indications are that when diagnosed with any of these disorders, they receive treatment adapted to their particular needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: asthma; pulmonary disease; chronic obstructive; middle aged; aged; diagnosis; delivery of health care; pharmaceutical preparations asthma; pulmonary disease; chronic obstructive; middle aged; aged; diagnosis; delivery of health care; pharmaceutical preparations
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Axmon, A.; Höglund, P.; Ahlström, G. Chronic Respiratory Disorders and Their Treatment among Older People with Intellectual Disability and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder in Comparison with the General Population. Healthcare 2017, 5, 40.

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