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Open AccessArticle

Analysis of the Educational Needs Related to, and Perceptions of the Importance of, Essential Job Competencies among Science and Engineering Graduates

1
Vocational Education and Training Institution, Korea Polytechnics, Incheon 21417, Korea
2
Institute for Innovative Higher Education, Seoul National University of Science & Technology, Seoul 01811, Korea
3
School of Education and Human Development, University of Colorado, Denver, CO 80265, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Educ. Sci. 2020, 10(4), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10040085
Received: 3 February 2020 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
The goal of this study was to identify perceptions of the importance and needs of the essential job competencies required by Korean science and engineering graduates in the context of actual workplaces. We analyzed data from the 11th Youth Panel using the paired t-test, the Borich needs assessment, and the locus for focus model. An important finding was that the science and engineering graduates recognized the competencies pertaining to working with others and professional competencies as important among 15 essential competencies. We also found that they prioritized competencies differently depending on specific departments: the science graduates prioritized professional competencies, but the engineering graduates placed relatively greater importance on the competencies relating to interacting with others. Through this study, we identified the educational needs for essential job competencies from the science and engineering graduates and suggested implications for corresponding educational approaches.
Keywords: essential job competency; engineering graduates; educational needs analysis; Borich needs assessment essential job competency; engineering graduates; educational needs analysis; Borich needs assessment
MDPI and ACS Style

Lim, J.; Yoon, J.; Kim, M. Analysis of the Educational Needs Related to, and Perceptions of the Importance of, Essential Job Competencies among Science and Engineering Graduates. Educ. Sci. 2020, 10, 85.

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