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Attitudes towards Turkish and Turks in Austria: From Guestworkers to “Quasi-Foreigners” in a Changing Social Landscape

Independent Researcher, Edinburgh EH11 2EW, UK
Languages 2021, 6(1), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages6010058
Received: 3 February 2021 / Revised: 12 March 2021 / Accepted: 18 March 2021 / Published: 23 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multilingualism in Migrant Contexts)
In Austria, Turkish immigrants have long suffered from the stigma of being the uneducated and unintegrated guestworker, often portrayed as marginalised and as living in parallel societies. However, second-generation Turks who were born and/or raised in Austria have challenged this stigma profoundly. This paper argues that this has led to a re-indexicalisation of Turkish in Austria. Evidence for this is drawn from two matched-guise studies (n = 226) that aimed to unearth the covert language attitudes of Austrian participants towards Turkish. The data presented shows that many Austrian participants still conceive of the Turkish guises in overall xenophobic terms. They were depicted as more aggressive, less educated, less integrated, more joyous of life and more family-oriented when compared to the German guises. There was, however, an age-effect indicative of changing attitudes among participants born after 1998, for whom this stereotype seems to be losing its influence. View Full-Text
Keywords: matched-guise test; language attitudes; guestworkers; Turks; diaspora matched-guise test; language attitudes; guestworkers; Turks; diaspora
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MDPI and ACS Style

Woschitz, J. Attitudes towards Turkish and Turks in Austria: From Guestworkers to “Quasi-Foreigners” in a Changing Social Landscape. Languages 2021, 6, 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages6010058

AMA Style

Woschitz J. Attitudes towards Turkish and Turks in Austria: From Guestworkers to “Quasi-Foreigners” in a Changing Social Landscape. Languages. 2021; 6(1):58. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages6010058

Chicago/Turabian Style

Woschitz, Johannes. 2021. "Attitudes towards Turkish and Turks in Austria: From Guestworkers to “Quasi-Foreigners” in a Changing Social Landscape" Languages 6, no. 1: 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages6010058

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