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Languages 2017, 2(4), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages2040019

Improving Motivation to Learn English in Japan with a Self-Study Shadowing Application

Institute for Liberal Arts and Sciences, Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
Academic Editors: Sonia Rocca and Bryan Smith
Received: 28 February 2017 / Revised: 21 August 2017 / Accepted: 29 August 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue MOBILizing Language Learning in the 21st Century)
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Abstract

The scarcity of opportunities to communicate in English in Japan proves a challenge for learners, as significant improvements in English as a Foreign Language) (EFL) listening and speaking will not materialize without consistent practice and a motivation to study. Furthermore, analysis of standardized test scores shows that university students’ scores tend to decrease after their first year of study (Sumida 2015; Mikada 2016). In order to overcome these difficulties, a team of teachers at a university in Japan introduced a mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) shadowing application where students can train their ears while also practicing speaking with shadowing, a technique recognized as effective for improving speaking and listening (Kadota 2014; Hamada 2016). This paper describes the introduction of this application in general education English classes. It then considers its impact on the motivation, attitudes towards communicating orally in English, and perception of English ability of 1001 first-year university students, the majority science and engineering majors, who used it over one semester. Preliminary results of a pre- and post-intervention Likert questionnaire indicate that through this system, linguistic self-confidence, interest in English, ideal L2 self, attitudes towards communicating in the L2, and perceptions of English ability were potentially enhanced. View Full-Text
Keywords: shadowing; second language motivation; attitudes; MALL; Japan; L2 listening; L2 speaking; English as a Foreign Language; English as a Second Language; anxiety; linguistic self-confidence shadowing; second language motivation; attitudes; MALL; Japan; L2 listening; L2 speaking; English as a Foreign Language; English as a Second Language; anxiety; linguistic self-confidence
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Teeter, J.L. Improving Motivation to Learn English in Japan with a Self-Study Shadowing Application. Languages 2017, 2, 19.

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