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Open AccessArticle

Conceptual Design, Flying, and Handling Qualities Assessment of a Blended Wing Body (BWB) Aircraft by Using an Engineering Flight Simulator

Department of Aeronautical and Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of South Wales, Treforest Campus, Treforest CF37 1DL, UK
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Aerospace 2020, 7(5), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace7050051
Received: 19 February 2020 / Revised: 20 April 2020 / Accepted: 26 April 2020 / Published: 28 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flight Simulation)
The Blended Wing Body (BWB) configuration is considered to have the potential of providing significant advantages when compared to conventional aircraft designs. At the same time, numerous studies have reported that technical challenges exist in many areas of its design, including stability and control. This study aims to create a novel BWB design to test its flying and handling qualities using an engineering flight simulator and as such, to identify potential design solutions which will enhance its controllability and manoeuvrability characteristics. This aircraft is aimed toward the commercial sector with a range of 3000 nautical miles, carrying 200 passengers. The BWB design was flight tested at an engineering flight simulator to first determine its static stability through a standard commercial mission profile, and then to determine its dynamic stability characteristics through standard dynamic modes. Its flying qualities suggested its stability with a static margin of 8.652% of the mean aerodynamic chord (MAC) and consistent response from the pilot input. In addition, the aircraft achieved a maximum lift-to-drag ratio of 28.1; a maximum range of 4,581 nautical miles; zero-lift drag of 0.005; while meeting all the requirements of the dynamic modes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Blended Wing Body (BWB); aircraft conceptual design; engineering flight simulator; flying and handling qualities; aircraft stability Blended Wing Body (BWB); aircraft conceptual design; engineering flight simulator; flying and handling qualities; aircraft stability
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Humphreys-Jennings, C.; Lappas, I.; Sovar, D.M. Conceptual Design, Flying, and Handling Qualities Assessment of a Blended Wing Body (BWB) Aircraft by Using an Engineering Flight Simulator. Aerospace 2020, 7, 51.

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