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Open AccessArticle

Transforming Local Climate Adaptation Organization: Barriers and Progress in 13 Swedish Municipalities

1
School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Political Science, Örebro University, SE-701 82 Örebro, Sweden
2
The Centre for Societal Risk Research and political science, Karlstad University, 651 88 Karlstad, Sweden
3
The Centre for Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, Uppsala University, SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
4
The Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chris Swanston
Climate 2021, 9(4), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9040052
Received: 25 February 2021 / Revised: 26 March 2021 / Accepted: 27 March 2021 / Published: 30 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Adaptation and Mitigation Practices and Frameworks)
Local strategies and policies are key in climate adaptation, although research shows significant barriers to progress. Sweden, often seen as progressive in climate change issues, has struggled in adopting a sufficient local climate adaptation organization. This article aimed to describe and analyze the climate adaptation organization in 13 Swedish municipalities from five perspectives: Problem framing, administrative and political agency, administrative and political structures, measures and solutions, and the role of learning. The mapping of these perspectives provides an opportunity to analyze barriers to local climate adaptation. Key policy documents have been studied including climate adaptation plans, crisis management plans, and regulatory documents, as well as documents from private consultants. This study showed that few municipalities have a formal organization for climate adaptation, clear structures, political support, and specific climate adaptation plans. At the same time, many of the municipalities are planning for transformation, due to a push from the county board, a lead agency in climate adaptation. There are also ample networks providing opportunities for learning among municipalities and regions. This study concluded that one key barrier is the lack of focus and prioritization in a majority of the municipalities, leaving the administrators, often planners, in a more activist position. The need for organizational mainstreaming and resources is emphasized. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate adaptation; local government; transformative learning; climate adaptation policy; organizational change climate adaptation; local government; transformative learning; climate adaptation policy; organizational change
MDPI and ACS Style

Kristianssen, A.-C.; Granberg, M. Transforming Local Climate Adaptation Organization: Barriers and Progress in 13 Swedish Municipalities. Climate 2021, 9, 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9040052

AMA Style

Kristianssen A-C, Granberg M. Transforming Local Climate Adaptation Organization: Barriers and Progress in 13 Swedish Municipalities. Climate. 2021; 9(4):52. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9040052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kristianssen, Ann-Catrin; Granberg, Mikael. 2021. "Transforming Local Climate Adaptation Organization: Barriers and Progress in 13 Swedish Municipalities" Climate 9, no. 4: 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9040052

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