Next Article in Journal
Climate Change Adaptation in Natural World Heritage Sites: A Triage Approach
Previous Article in Journal
The Impacts of Climate Change on Road Traffic Accidents in Saudi Arabia
Open AccessArticle

Retrospective Analysis of Summer Temperature Anomalies with the Use of Precipitation and Evapotranspiration Rates

1
Department of Civil Aviation, Pindarou 27 str., 1429 Nicosia, Cyprus
2
Anita Lawrence Chair High Performance Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2033, Australia
3
Department of Environmental Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2019, 7(9), 104; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7090104
Received: 5 July 2019 / Revised: 25 August 2019 / Accepted: 28 August 2019 / Published: 30 August 2019
Drought and extreme temperatures forecasting is important for water management and the prevention of health risks, especially in a period of observed climatic change. A large precipitation deficit together with increased evapotranspiration rates in the preceding days contribute to exceptionally high temperature anomalies in the summer above the average local maximum temperature for each month. Using a retrospective approach, this study investigated droughts and extreme temperatures in the greater area of Nicosia, Cyprus and suggests a different approach in determining the lag period of summer temperature anomalies and precipitation. In addition, dry conditions defined with the use of the Standardized Precipitation-Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) were associated with positive temperature anomalies at a percentage up to 33.7%. The compound effect of precipitation levels and evapotranspiration rates of the preceding days for the period 1988–2017 to summer temperature anomalies was demonstrated with significantly statistical R squared values up to 0.57. Furthermore, the cooling effect of precipitation was higher and prolonged longer in rural and suburban than urban areas, a fact that is directly related to the evaporation potential of the area in concern. Our work demonstrates the compound effect of precipitation levels and evapotranspiration rates of the preceding days to summer temperature anomalies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean; semi-arid; drought; standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI); climate warming; soil moisture Mediterranean; semi-arid; drought; standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI); climate warming; soil moisture
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pyrgou, A.; Santamouris, M.; Livada, I.; Cartalis, C. Retrospective Analysis of Summer Temperature Anomalies with the Use of Precipitation and Evapotranspiration Rates. Climate 2019, 7, 104.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop