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Open AccessArticle

Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants by Ethnic People in the Kavrepalanchok District, Central Nepal

1
Department of Earth, Environment and Life Sciences, University of Genova, 16132 Genova, Italy
2
Research Centre for Applied Science and Technology (RECAST), Tribhuvan University, 44613 Kathmandu, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(6), 759; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9060759
Received: 13 May 2020 / Revised: 7 June 2020 / Accepted: 15 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
In rural areas of Nepal, where it is difficult to get access to Government health care facilities, people depend on medicinal plants and local healers for health problems. This study concerns an ethnobotanical survey of the Kavrepalanchok District, reporting some unusual uses of medicinal plants and original recipes. A total of 32 informants were interviewed, 24 of them being key informants. Ethnobotanical uses concerned 116 taxa, of which 101 were medicinal plants, with the most representative species belonging to Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, and Zingiberaceae. Ethnobotanical indexes were used to evaluate the ethnopharmacological importance of each plant species and the degree of agreement among the informants’ knowledge. Informant consensus factor (Fic) showed that the fever category had the greatest agreement. Highest fidelity level (FL) values were found for Calotropis gigantea used for dermatological diseases, Drymaria cordata for fever, Mangifera indica and Wrightia arborea for gastrointestinal disorders. Data document the richness of the local flora and the traditional knowledge on medicinal plant species used by ethnic communities in rural areas. The active involvement of local populations in the conservation and management of medicinal plant species will encourage future projects for the sustainable development of the biological and cultural diversity of these rural areas of Nepal. View Full-Text
Keywords: traditional ecological knowledge; ethnopharmacology; medicinal plants; conservation traditional ecological knowledge; ethnopharmacology; medicinal plants; conservation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ambu, G.; Chaudhary, R.P.; Mariotti, M.; Cornara, L. Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants by Ethnic People in the Kavrepalanchok District, Central Nepal. Plants 2020, 9, 759.

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