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Open AccessArticle

Yield, Essential Oil and Quality Performances of Artemisia dracunculus, Hyssopus officinalis and Lavandula angustifolia as Affected by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi under Organic Management

1
Agrochemical Research Center, Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Production, 143072 Moscow, Russia
2
Nikita Botanic Gardens, National Scientific Center of the RAS, 298648 Yalta, Russia
3
Department of Agriculture and Crop Production, State University of Land Management, Kazakova str. 15, 10506 Moscow, Russia
4
Scientific Technical Center ‘Sustainable Development of Agroecosystems’, 143072 Moscow, Russia
5
Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants, University of Agriculture, 31-120 Krakow, Poland
6
Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80055 Portici, Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(3), 375; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9030375
Received: 27 February 2020 / Revised: 14 March 2020 / Accepted: 16 March 2020 / Published: 18 March 2020
Utilization of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) for enhancing growth and development as well as production of essential oil in aromatic plants has been increasingly drawing research interest. In order to assess the AMF effects on different aromatic species, an open-field experiment was carried out using Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon), Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) and Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop). AMF stimulated the growth of tarragon and lavender plants, whereas hyssop showed a slight developmental slowing; nonetheless, a significant increase in essential oil content in the three species was seen. AMF application increased the biomass of A. dracunculus and H. officinalis by 20–35%. No differences in antioxidant activity and phenolics content were recorded at harvest between the control and AMF-inoculated plants, but the latter showed a significant increase in antioxidant status upon storage at high temperature and humidity compared to the untreated control. The enhancement of abiotic stress resistance during storage in plants inoculated with AMF was the highest in A. dracunculus, and the lowest in H. officinalis, while the untreated control plants showed a significant decrease in phenolics, ascorbic acid and chlorophyll content, as well as antioxidant activity, upon the abiotic stress. AMF inoculation differentially affected the mineral composition, increasing the accumulation of Se, I and Zn in A. dracunculus, and decreasing the levels of heavy metals and Co, Fe, Li, Mn in H. officinalis. Based on the outcome of the present research, AMF inoculation resulted in a significant enhancement of the overall performances of A. dracunculus, L. angustifolia and H. officinalis, and also in the improvement of plant antioxidant status upon storage in stress conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: AMF; aromatic plants; plant biomass; oil components; mineral nutrients; stress tolerance, antioxidants AMF; aromatic plants; plant biomass; oil components; mineral nutrients; stress tolerance, antioxidants
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Golubkina, N.; Logvinenko, L.; Novitsky, M.; Zamana, S.; Sokolov, S.; Molchanova, A.; Shevchuk, O.; Sekara, A.; Tallarita, A.; Caruso, G. Yield, Essential Oil and Quality Performances of Artemisia dracunculus, Hyssopus officinalis and Lavandula angustifolia as Affected by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi under Organic Management. Plants 2020, 9, 375.

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