Next Article in Journal
Complete Plastid Genome Sequencing of Eight Species from Hansenia, Haplosphaera and Sinodielsia (Apiaceae): Comparative Analyses and Phylogenetic Implications
Next Article in Special Issue
Antibacterial Activity of Arbutus pavarii Pamp against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and UHPLC-MS/MS Profile of the Bioactive Fraction
Previous Article in Journal
The Arabidopsis L-Type Amino Acid Transporter 5 (LAT5/PUT5) Is Expressed in the Phloem and Alters Seed Nitrogen Content When Knocked Out
Previous Article in Special Issue
Optimization of a Green Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Different Polyphenols from Pistacia lentiscus L. Leaves Using a Response Surface Methodology
Article

Natural Surfactant Saponin from Tissue of Litsea glutinosa and Its Alternative Sustainable Production

1
Interdisciplinary Program in Biotechnology, Graduate School, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
2
Plant Bioactive Compound Laboratory, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
3
Research and Product Development, Department of Research and Conservation, Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, The Botanical Garden Organisation, Chiang Mai 50180, Thailand
4
Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
5
Cluster of Agro Bio-Circular-Green Industry (Agro BCG), Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand
6
Division of Packaging Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand
7
Innovative Agriculture Research Centre, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(11), 1521; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111521
Received: 8 October 2020 / Revised: 2 November 2020 / Accepted: 6 November 2020 / Published: 9 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Structural and Functional Analysis of Extracts in Plants)
In this research, we assessed the detergency properties along with chemical characteristic of the surfactant extracts from the most frequently cited detergent plants in Northern Thailand, namely, Sapindus rarak, Acacia concinna, and Litsea glutinosa. Moreover, as to provide the sustainable option for production of such valuable ingredients, plant tissue culture (PTC) as alternative method for industrial metabolite cultivation was also proposed herein. The results illustrated that detergent plant extracts showed moderate in foaming and detergency abilities compared with those of synthetic surfactant. The phytochemical analysis illustrated the positive detection of saponins in L. glutinosa plant extracts. The highest callus formation was found in L. glutinosa explant cultured with MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg/L Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The callus extract was chemical elucidated using chromatography, which illustrated the presence of saponin similar to those from the crude leaf and Quillaja saponin extracts. Compact mass spectrometry confirmed that the surfactant was of the steroidal diagnostic type. View Full-Text
Keywords: compact mass spectrometry; cleansing properties; detergent plants; phytochemical; tissue culture compact mass spectrometry; cleansing properties; detergent plants; phytochemical; tissue culture
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Wisetkomolmat, J.; Suksathan, R.; Puangpradab, R.; Kunasakdakul, K.; Jantanasakulwong, K.; Rachtanapun, P.; Sommano, S.R. Natural Surfactant Saponin from Tissue of Litsea glutinosa and Its Alternative Sustainable Production. Plants 2020, 9, 1521. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111521

AMA Style

Wisetkomolmat J, Suksathan R, Puangpradab R, Kunasakdakul K, Jantanasakulwong K, Rachtanapun P, Sommano SR. Natural Surfactant Saponin from Tissue of Litsea glutinosa and Its Alternative Sustainable Production. Plants. 2020; 9(11):1521. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111521

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wisetkomolmat, Jiratchaya, Ratchuporn Suksathan, Ratchadawan Puangpradab, Keawalin Kunasakdakul, Kittisak Jantanasakulwong, Pornchai Rachtanapun, and Sarana R. Sommano. 2020. "Natural Surfactant Saponin from Tissue of Litsea glutinosa and Its Alternative Sustainable Production" Plants 9, no. 11: 1521. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111521

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop