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Plants 2018, 7(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants7040094

Elemental Profiles in Cycas micronesica Stems

College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Guam, UOG Station, Mangilao, Guam 96923, USA
Received: 24 August 2018 / Revised: 28 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 1 November 2018
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Abstract

Essential nutrients and metals have been quantified in stems of many tree species to understand the role of stems as storage and source organs. Little is known about stored stem resources of cycad tree species. Cycas micronesica tissue was collected from apical and basal axial regions of stems; and pith, vascular, and cortex tissues were separated into three radial regions. Leaves were also sampled to provide a comparison to stems. Minerals and metals were quantified in all tissues. Minerals and metals varied greatly among the six stem sections. Phosphorus varied more among the three radial sections than the other macronutrients, and zinc and nickel varied more than the other micronutrients. Stem carbon was less than and stem calcium was greater than expected, based on what is currently known tree stem concentrations in the literature. Elemental concentrations were generally greater than those previously reported for coniferous gymnosperm trees. Moreover, the stem concentrations were high in relation to leaf concentrations, when compared to published angiosperm and conifer data. The results indicated that the addition of more cycad species to the literature will improve our understanding of gymnosperm versus angiosperm stem nutrient relations, and that the non-woody cycad stem contains copious essential plant nutrients that can be mobilized and deployed to sinks when needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: cycad; gymnosperm; nutrient concentration; stoichiometry cycad; gymnosperm; nutrient concentration; stoichiometry
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Marler, T.E. Elemental Profiles in Cycas micronesica Stems. Plants 2018, 7, 94.

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