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Open AccessArticle

Three-Dimensional Digital Documentation of Cultural Heritage Site Based on the Convergence of Terrestrial Laser Scanning and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Photogrammetry

Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation Sciences, Kongju National University, Gongju 32588, Korea
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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(2), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8020053
Received: 27 November 2018 / Revised: 3 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Acquisition and Processing in Cultural Heritage)
Three-dimensional digital technology is important in the maintenance and monitoring of cultural heritage sites. This study focuses on using a combination of terrestrial laser scanning and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry to establish a three-dimensional model and the associated digital documentation of the Magoksa Temple, Republic of Korea. Herein, terrestrial laser scanning and UAV photogrammetry was used to acquire the perpendicular geometry of the buildings and sites, where UAV photogrammetry yielded higher planar data acquisition rate in upper zones, such as the roof of a building, than terrestrial laser scanning. On comparing the two technologies’ accuracy based on their ground control points, laser scanning was observed to provide higher positional accuracy than photogrammetry. The overall discrepancy between the two technologies was found to be sufficient for the generation of convergent data. Thus, the terrestrial laser scanning and UAV photogrammetry data were aligned and merged post conversion into compatible extensions. A three-dimensional (3D) model, with planar and perpendicular geometries, based on the hybrid data-point cloud was developed. This study demonstrates the potential for using the integration of terrestrial laser scanning and UAV photogrammetry in 3D digital documentation and spatial analysis of cultural heritage sites. View Full-Text
Keywords: terrestrial laser scanning; unmanned aerial vehicle photogrammetry; integrated three-dimensional modeling; digital documentation; cultural heritage site terrestrial laser scanning; unmanned aerial vehicle photogrammetry; integrated three-dimensional modeling; digital documentation; cultural heritage site
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jo, Y.H.; Hong, S. Three-Dimensional Digital Documentation of Cultural Heritage Site Based on the Convergence of Terrestrial Laser Scanning and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Photogrammetry. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 53. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8020053

AMA Style

Jo YH, Hong S. Three-Dimensional Digital Documentation of Cultural Heritage Site Based on the Convergence of Terrestrial Laser Scanning and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Photogrammetry. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2019; 8(2):53. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8020053

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jo, Young H.; Hong, Seonghyuk. 2019. "Three-Dimensional Digital Documentation of Cultural Heritage Site Based on the Convergence of Terrestrial Laser Scanning and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Photogrammetry" ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 8, no. 2: 53. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8020053

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