Recent Advances in Computational Protocols Addressing Intrinsically Disordered Proteins
AbstractIntrinsically disordered proteins (IDP) are abundant in the human genome and have recently emerged as major therapeutic targets for various diseases. Unlike traditional proteins that adopt a definitive structure, IDPs in free solution are disordered and exist as an ensemble of conformations. This enables the IDPs to signal through multiple signaling pathways and serve as scaffolds for multi-protein complexes. The challenge in studying IDPs experimentally stems from their disordered nature. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), circular dichroism, small angle X-ray scattering, and single molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) can give the local structural information and overall dimension of IDPs, but seldom provide a unified picture of the whole protein. To understand the conformational dynamics of IDPs and how their structural ensembles recognize multiple binding partners and small molecule inhibitors, knowledge-based and physics-based sampling techniques are utilized in-silico, guided by experimental structural data. However, efficient sampling of the IDP conformational ensemble requires traversing the numerous degrees of freedom in the IDP energy landscape, as well as force-fields that accurately model the protein and solvent interactions. In this review, we have provided an overview of the current state of computational methods for studying IDP structure and dynamics and discussed the major challenges faced in this field.
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Bhattacharya, S.; Lin, X. Recent Advances in Computational Protocols Addressing Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. Biomolecules 2019, 9, 146.
Bhattacharya S, Lin X. Recent Advances in Computational Protocols Addressing Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. Biomolecules. 2019; 9(4):146.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bhattacharya, Supriyo; Lin, Xingcheng. 2019. "Recent Advances in Computational Protocols Addressing Intrinsically Disordered Proteins." Biomolecules 9, no. 4: 146.
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