Next Article in Journal
Cell-Adhesion Properties of β-Subunits in the Regulation of Cardiomyocyte Sodium Channels
Next Article in Special Issue
Biological Activity of Humulus lupulus (L.) Essential Oil and Its Main Components against Sitophilus granarius (L.)
Previous Article in Journal
The Alcohol–High-Density Lipoprotein Athero-Protective Axis
Previous Article in Special Issue
Antiarrhythmic Properties of Elsholtzia ciliata Essential Oil on Electrical Activity of the Isolated Rabbit Heart and Preferential Inhibition of Sodium Conductance
Open AccessReview

Bioactive Natural Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Spice Plants: New Findings and Potential Applications

1
Programa de Pós-graduação em Engenharia de Recursos Naturais da Amazônia, Instituto de Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém 66075110, Brazil
2
Laboratório Adolpho Ducke, Coordenação de Botânica, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém 66077-830, Brazil
3
Instituto de Biodiversidade, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, Vera Paz Street, w/n Salé, Santarém 68040-255, Brazil
4
Programa de Pós-graduação em Engenharia Química, Instituto de Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém 66075110, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(7), 988; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10070988
Received: 25 May 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 18 June 2020 / Published: 1 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Perspectives of Essential Oils)
Spice plants have a great influence on world history. For centuries, different civilizations have used them to condiment the foods of kings and nobles and applied them as embalming preservatives, perfumes, cosmetics, and medicines in different regions of the world. In general, these plants have formed the basis of traditional medicine and some of their derived substances have been utilized to treat different human diseases. Essential oils (EOs) obtained from these plants have been also used as therapeutic agents and have shown supportive uses in remedial practices. The discovery and development of bioactive compounds from these natural products, based on their traditional uses, play an important role in developing the scientific evidence of their potential pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food applications. In the present review, using recent studies, we exhibit a general overview of the main aspects related to the importance of spice plants widely used in traditional medicine: Cinnamomum zeylanicum (true cinnamon), Mentha piperita (peppermint), Ocimum basilicum (basil), Origanum vulgare (oregano), Piper nigrum (black pepper), Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary), and Thymus vulgaris (thyme); and we discuss new findings of the bioactive compounds obtained from their EOs, their potential applications, as well as their molecular mechanisms of action, focusing on their antioxidant activity. We also exhibit the main in vitro methods applied to determine the antioxidant activities of these natural products. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioactive compounds; bioactivity; Lamiaceae; Piperaceae; Lauraceae; radical scavenging activity bioactive compounds; bioactivity; Lamiaceae; Piperaceae; Lauraceae; radical scavenging activity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Diniz do Nascimento, L.; Moraes, A.A.B.; Costa, K.S.; Pereira Galúcio, J.M.; Taube, P.S.; Costa, C.M.L.; Neves Cruz, J.; de Aguiar Andrade, E.H.; Faria, L.J.G. Bioactive Natural Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Spice Plants: New Findings and Potential Applications. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 988.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop