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Article

Effects of Diabetes on Microcirculation and Leukostasis in Retinal and Non-Ocular Tissues: Implications for Diabetic Retinopathy

1
Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa 1649-004, Portugal
2
Department of Medicine and Ophthalmology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(11), 1583; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111583
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 7 November 2020 / Accepted: 18 November 2020 / Published: 21 November 2020
Changes in retinal microcirculation are associated with the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR). However, it is unclear whether such changes also develop in capillary beds of other non-retinal tissues. Here, we investigated microcirculatory changes involving velocity of rolling neutrophils, adherence of neutrophils, and leukostasis during development of retinal vascular lesions in diabetes in other non-retinal tissues. Intravital microscopy was performed on post-capillary venules of cremaster muscle and ear lobe of mice with severe or moderate diabetes and compared to those of non-diabetic mice. Additionally, number and velocity of rolling leukocytes, number of adherent leukocytes, and areas of leukostasis were quantified, and retinal capillary networks were examined for acellular capillaries (AC) and pericyte loss (PL), two prominent vascular lesions characteristic of DR. The number of adherent neutrophils and areas of leukostasis in the cremaster and ear lobe post-capillary venules of diabetic mice was increased compared to those of non-diabetic mice. Similarly, a significant increase in the number of rolling neutrophils and decrease in their rolling velocities compared to those of non-diabetic control mice were observed and severity of diabetes exacerbated these changes. Understanding diabetes-induced microcirculatory changes in cremaster and ear lobe may provide insight into retinal vascular lesion development in DR. View Full-Text
Keywords: microcirculation; leukostasis; diabetic retinopathy microcirculation; leukostasis; diabetic retinopathy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Herdade, A.S.; Silva, I.M.; Calado, Â.; Saldanha, C.; Nguyen, N.-H.; Hou, I.; Castanho, M.; Roy, S. Effects of Diabetes on Microcirculation and Leukostasis in Retinal and Non-Ocular Tissues: Implications for Diabetic Retinopathy. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 1583. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111583

AMA Style

Herdade AS, Silva IM, Calado Â, Saldanha C, Nguyen N-H, Hou I, Castanho M, Roy S. Effects of Diabetes on Microcirculation and Leukostasis in Retinal and Non-Ocular Tissues: Implications for Diabetic Retinopathy. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(11):1583. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111583

Chicago/Turabian Style

Herdade, Ana S.; Silva, Iara M.; Calado, Ângelo; Saldanha, Carlota; Nguyen, Ngan-Ha; Hou, Isabella; Castanho, Miguel; Roy, Sayon. 2020. "Effects of Diabetes on Microcirculation and Leukostasis in Retinal and Non-Ocular Tissues: Implications for Diabetic Retinopathy" Biomolecules 10, no. 11: 1583. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111583

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