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Open AccessArticle

Placenta, Pericarp, and Seeds of Tabasco Chili Pepper Fruits Show a Contrasting Diversity of Bioactive Metabolites

Unidad de Genómica Avanzada, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV), Km. 9.6, Libramiento Norte Carretera Irapuato-León, Irapuato, Gto. 36824, Mexico
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Metabolites 2019, 9(10), 206; https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo9100206
Received: 26 August 2019 / Revised: 21 September 2019 / Accepted: 23 September 2019 / Published: 28 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fruit Metabolism and Metabolomics)
Chili pepper (Capsicum spp.) is one of the most important horticultural crops worldwide, and its unique organoleptic properties and health benefits have been established for centuries. However, there is little knowledge about how metabolites are distributed throughout fruit parts. This work focuses on the use of liquid chromatography coupled with high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-HRMS) to estimate the global metabolite profiles of the pericarp, placenta, and seeds of Tabasco pepper fruits (Capsicum frutescens L.) at the red mature stage of ripening. Our main results putatively identified 60 differential compounds between these tissues and seeds. Firstly, we found that pericarp has a higher content of glycosides, showing on average a fold change of 5 and a fold change of 14 for terpenoids when compared with other parts of the fruit. While placenta was the richest tissue in capsaicinoid-related compounds, alkaloids, and tocopherols, with a 35, 3, and 7 fold change, respectively. However, the seeds were richer in fatty acids and saponins with fold changes of 86 and 224, respectively. Therefore, our study demonstrates that a non-targeted metabolomic approach may help to improve our understanding of unexplored areas of plant metabolism and also may be the starting point for a detailed analysis in complex plant parts, such as fruits. View Full-Text
Keywords: Capsicum frutescens L.; non-targeted metabolomics; secondary metabolism; Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) Capsicum frutescens L.; non-targeted metabolomics; secondary metabolism; Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS)
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Cervantes-Hernández, F.; Alcalá-González, P.; Martínez, O.; Ordaz-Ortiz, J.J. Placenta, Pericarp, and Seeds of Tabasco Chili Pepper Fruits Show a Contrasting Diversity of Bioactive Metabolites. Metabolites 2019, 9, 206.

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