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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2018, 4(3), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc4030022

Efficiency Analysis of the Royalty System from the Perspective of Open Innovation

1
Korea Institute of S & T Evaluation and Planning, Seoul 06775, Korea
2
College of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
3
School of Business, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2018 / Revised: 15 June 2018 / Accepted: 15 June 2018 / Published: 22 June 2018
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to suggest efficiency improvement using the analysis of the efficiency of the royalty system for government-funded research institutes (GRIs) belonging to the National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST). Twenty three GRIs’ royalty incomes and expenses (2013–2015) were analyzed using the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model. First, Research Model 1 was used to find out if the obligated expense category’s distribution ratio were efficient. Five Charnes, Cooper and Rhodes (CCR) model organizations and 14 Banker, Charnes and Cooper (BCC) model organizations demonstrated 100% efficiency. With the exception of the obligated expense category, Research Model 2 was used. Seventeen CCR model organizations and 18 BCC model organizations demonstrated 100% efficiency. GRIs were divided into efficient and inefficient organizations using each model, and potential improvements and benchmarking decision-making units (DMUs) were found for inefficient organizations. Second, multiple regression analysis in Research Model 2 was used to analyze the cause of the efficiency to find factors that influenced the transfer of technology and license improvement. Third, there were efficiency differences among research organizations as a result of the efficiency analysis considering the research organization type with respect to the constant returns to scale (CRS) efficiency of Research Models 1 and 2. Thus, different policies should be applied to improve the efficiency. Finally, the possible improvements, future directions and limits of this study are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: national R&D program; government-funded research institutes (GRIs); royalty system; efficiency national R&D program; government-funded research institutes (GRIs); royalty system; efficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hwang, B.Y.; Jun, H.J.; Chang, M.H.; Kim, D.C. Efficiency Analysis of the Royalty System from the Perspective of Open Innovation. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2018, 4, 22.

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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. EISSN 2199-8531 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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