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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2018, 4(3), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc4030021

How to Respond to the Fourth Industrial Revolution, or the Second Information Technology Revolution? Dynamic New Combinations between Technology, Market, and Society through Open Innovation

1
Department of Mater of Intellectual Property, KAIST, Seoul 34142, Korea
2
Department of Open Innovation, Open Innovation Academy of SOItmC, Convergence Research Center for Future Automotive Technology of DGIST, Daegu 42988, Korea
3
Department of Innovation Economics, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart 70593, Germany
4
Department of the 4th Industrial Revolution, KISTI, Seoul 02456, Korea
5
Department of Innovation Studies, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan
6
Department of Art Management, University of Baslicata, 105187 Potenza, Italy
7
Department of Medical Management, Eulji University, Seongnam 13135, Korea
8
Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, Gyeongnam 52828, Korea
9
Department of Business Administration, Sangji University, Wonju 26339, Korea
10
Department of Public Administration, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
11
Department of Social Continuing Education, Chinese Culture University, Taipei 86724, Taiwan
12
Department of Public Administration, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 April 2018 / Revised: 28 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 / Published: 21 June 2018
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Abstract

Since Klaus Schwab and the World Economic Forum declared the arrival of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, there has been much discussion about it. However, there is no commonly agreed-upon definition of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Therefore, we attempted to answer the following four research questions. “What is the definition of the Fourth Industrial Revolution?”, “How can we respond to the Fourth Industrial Revolution in terms of institutions?”, “How can we respond to the Fourth Industrial Revolution in terms of technology?”, “How can we respond to the Fourth Industrial Revolution in terms of firm innovation and start-up strategy?” Brainstorming was conducted by 11 scholars from several countries to answer these four research questions. Therefore, this research is not the end product of four research questions, but a kind of advanced template to answer the four research questions for continuing research. View Full-Text
Keywords: the Fourth Industrial Revolution; new combination; open innovation; dynamics the Fourth Industrial Revolution; new combination; open innovation; dynamics
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Lee, M.; Yun, J.J.; Pyka, A.; Won, D.; Kodama, F.; Schiuma, G.; Park, H.; Jeon, J.; Park, K.; Jung, K.; Yan, M.-R.; Lee, S.; Zhao, X. How to Respond to the Fourth Industrial Revolution, or the Second Information Technology Revolution? Dynamic New Combinations between Technology, Market, and Society through Open Innovation. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2018, 4, 21.

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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. EISSN 2199-8531 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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