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Feasibility Study of Passive Bistatic Radar Based on Phased Array Radar Signals

1
National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on ATR, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
2
School of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(7), 728; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8070728
Received: 5 June 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 20 June 2019 / Published: 26 June 2019
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Abstract

This paper presents the concept of a passive bistatic radar (PBR) system using existing phased array radar (PAR) as the source of illumination. Different from PBR based on common civil illuminators of opportunity, we develop an experimental PBR system using an high-power air surveillance PAR with abundant signal modulation forms as the transmitter. After the introduction of the PBR system and PAR signals, it can be concluded that the agility of the waveform parameters of PAR signal brings two problems to the signal processing of the PBR systems, which are not discussed in conventional PBR systems. The first problem is the time and frequency synchronization of the system, so we propose a direct wave parameter estimation method based on template matching to estimate the parameters of the transmitted signal in real time to achieve time and frequency synchronization of the system. The second problem is the coherent integration for moving target detection and weak target detection, so we propose a coherent integration method based on Radon–Nonuniform Fast Fourier Transform (Radon-NUFFT) to deal with the problems introduced by the agile waveform parameters. Preliminary results from the field experiment demonstrate the feasibility of the PBR system based on PAR signals, and the effectiveness of the proposed methods is verified. View Full-Text
Keywords: passive bistatic radar; phased array radar; parameter estimation; coherent integration; aircraft surveillance passive bistatic radar; phased array radar; parameter estimation; coherent integration; aircraft surveillance
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Pan, J.; Hu, P.; Zhu, Q.; Bao, Q.; Chen, Z. Feasibility Study of Passive Bistatic Radar Based on Phased Array Radar Signals. Electronics 2019, 8, 728.

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