For autonomous driving, it is important to navigate in an unknown environment. In this paper, we propose a fully automated 2D simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) system based on lidar working in large-scale outdoor environments. To improve the accuracy and robustness of the scan matching module, an improved Correlative Scan Matching (CSM) algorithm is proposed. For efficient place recognition, we design an AdaBoost based loop closure detection algorithm which can efficiently reject false loop closures. For the SLAM back-end, we propose a light-weight graph optimization algorithm based on incremental smoothing and mapping (iSAM). The performance of our system is verified on various large-scale datasets including our real-world datasets and the KITTI odometry benchmark. Further comparisons to the state-of-the-art approaches indicate that our system is competitive with established techniques.
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Ren, R.; Fu, H.; Wu, M. Large-Scale Outdoor SLAM Based on 2D Lidar. Electronics2019, 8, 613.
Ren R, Fu H, Wu M. Large-Scale Outdoor SLAM Based on 2D Lidar. Electronics. 2019; 8(6):613.
Ren, Ruike; Fu, Hao; Wu, Meiping. 2019. "Large-Scale Outdoor SLAM Based on 2D Lidar." Electronics 8, no. 6: 613.