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Article

UAV Forensic Analysis and Software Tools Assessment: DJI Phantom 4 and Matrice 210 as Case Studies

by 1,*,†, 1,2,*,† and 1,*
1
Department of Computer and Information Technology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2
Department of Computer Science, College of Computers and Information Technology, Taif University, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Stavros Shiaeles, Bogdan Ghita and Nicholas Kolokotronis
Electronics 2021, 10(6), 733; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10060733
Received: 19 February 2021 / Revised: 17 March 2021 / Accepted: 18 March 2021 / Published: 19 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances on Networks and Cyber Security)
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) also known as drones have created many challenges to the digital forensic field. These challenges are introduced in all processes of the digital forensic investigation (i.e., identification, preservation, examination, documentation, and reporting). From identification of evidence to reporting, there are several challenges caused by the data type, source of evidence, and multiple components that operate UAVs. In this paper, we comprehensively reviewed the current UAV forensic investigative techniques from several perspectives. Moreover, the contributions of this paper are as follows: (1) discovery of personal identifiable information, (2) test and evaluation of currently available forensic software tools, (3) discussion on data storage mechanism and evidence structure in two DJI UAV models (e.g., Phantom 4 and Matrice 210), and (4) exploration of flight trajectories recovered from UAVs using a three-dimensional (3D) visualization software. The aforementioned contributions aim to aid digital investigators to encounter challenges posed by UAVs. In addition, we apply our testing, evaluation, and analysis on the two selected models including DJI Matrice 210, which have not been presented in previous works. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D mapping; black box; chip-off forensics; DJI Matrice 210; DJI Phantom 4; tool evaluation; UAV forensics 3D mapping; black box; chip-off forensics; DJI Matrice 210; DJI Phantom 4; tool evaluation; UAV forensics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salamh, F.E.; Mirza, M.M.; Karabiyik, U. UAV Forensic Analysis and Software Tools Assessment: DJI Phantom 4 and Matrice 210 as Case Studies. Electronics 2021, 10, 733. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10060733

AMA Style

Salamh FE, Mirza MM, Karabiyik U. UAV Forensic Analysis and Software Tools Assessment: DJI Phantom 4 and Matrice 210 as Case Studies. Electronics. 2021; 10(6):733. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10060733

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salamh, Fahad E., Mohammad M. Mirza, and Umit Karabiyik. 2021. "UAV Forensic Analysis and Software Tools Assessment: DJI Phantom 4 and Matrice 210 as Case Studies" Electronics 10, no. 6: 733. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10060733

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