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Article

Analyze the FMCW Waveform Skin Return of Moving Objects in the Presence of Stationary Hidden Objects Using Numerical Models

Defence Research and Development Canada, Ottawa Research Centre, Ottawa, ON K1A 0Z4, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2021, 10(1), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10010028
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 17 December 2020 / Accepted: 21 December 2020 / Published: 28 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Numerical Methods and Measurements in Antennas and Propagation)
In this paper, a high-performance antenna array system model is presented to analyze moving-object-skin-returns and track them in the presence of stationary objects using frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW). The main features of the paper are bonding the aspects of antenna array and electromagnetic (EM) wave multi-skin-return modeling and simulation (M&S) with the aspects of algorithm and measurement/tracking system architecture. The M&S aspect models both phase and amplitude of the signal waveform from a transmitter to the signal processing in a receiver. In the algorithm aspect, a novel scheme for FMCW signal processing is introduced by combining time- and frequency-domain methods, including a vector moving target indication filter and a vector direct current canceller in time-domain, and a constant false alarm rate detector and a mono-pulse digital beamforming angle tracker in frequency-domain. In addition, unlike previous designs of using M × N fast Fourier transform (FFT) for an M × N array, only four FFTs are used, which tremendously save time and space in hardware. With the presented model, the detection of the moving-target-skin-return in stationary objects under a noisy environment is feasible. Therefore, to track long range and high-speed objects, the proposed technique is promising. Using a scenario having (1) a target with 17 dBm2 radar cross section (RCS) at about 40 km range with 5.936 Mach speed and 11.6 dB post processing signal to noise ratio, and (2) a strong stationary clutter with 37 dBm2 RCS located at the proximity of the target, it demonstrates that the root-mean-square errors of range, angle, and Doppler measurements are about 26 m, 0.68 degree, and 1100 Hz, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: antenna; digital beamforming; reflection; frequency modulated continuous wave; target echo; radar electronic warfare antenna; digital beamforming; reflection; frequency modulated continuous wave; target echo; radar electronic warfare
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, T.; Wu, C.; Elangage, J. Analyze the FMCW Waveform Skin Return of Moving Objects in the Presence of Stationary Hidden Objects Using Numerical Models. Electronics 2021, 10, 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10010028

AMA Style

Tang T, Wu C, Elangage J. Analyze the FMCW Waveform Skin Return of Moving Objects in the Presence of Stationary Hidden Objects Using Numerical Models. Electronics. 2021; 10(1):28. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10010028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Taiwen, Chen Wu, and Janaka Elangage. 2021. "Analyze the FMCW Waveform Skin Return of Moving Objects in the Presence of Stationary Hidden Objects Using Numerical Models" Electronics 10, no. 1: 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10010028

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