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Gene Delivery Technologies with Applications in Microalgal Genetic Engineering

Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
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Academic Editors: Michele Fabris and Raffaela Abbriano
Biology 2021, 10(4), 265; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10040265
Received: 31 January 2021 / Revised: 18 March 2021 / Accepted: 24 March 2021 / Published: 26 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exploring and Designing Novel Microbes for Biotechnology)
Microalgae and cyanobacteria are considered intriguing microbes for sustainable biotechnological production of a wide array of high-value metabolites from carbon dioxide and (sun)light. Mature genetic engineering concepts have only recently begun to emerge with the advent of customized DNA synthesis due to complicated genetics in these hosts. The delivery of heterologous DNA into cells is the first step in engineering concepts, yet is highly diverse in methodology, efficacy of expression cassette delivery, and applicability to variable organisms. This work overviews common and not-so common methodologies of DNA delivery, which may find use in engineering concepts for photosynthetic microbes.
Microalgae and cyanobacteria are photosynthetic microbes that can be grown with the simple inputs of water, carbon dioxide, (sun)light, and trace elements. Their engineering holds the promise of tailored bio-molecule production using sustainable, environmentally friendly waste carbon inputs. Although algal engineering examples are beginning to show maturity, severe limitations remain in the transformation of multigene expression cassettes into model species and DNA delivery into non-model hosts. This review highlights common and emerging DNA delivery methods used for other organisms that may find future applications in algal engineering. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; transformation; cyanobacteria; DNA microalgae; transformation; cyanobacteria; DNA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gutiérrez, S.; Lauersen, K.J. Gene Delivery Technologies with Applications in Microalgal Genetic Engineering. Biology 2021, 10, 265. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10040265

AMA Style

Gutiérrez S, Lauersen KJ. Gene Delivery Technologies with Applications in Microalgal Genetic Engineering. Biology. 2021; 10(4):265. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10040265

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gutiérrez, Sergio; Lauersen, Kyle J. 2021. "Gene Delivery Technologies with Applications in Microalgal Genetic Engineering" Biology 10, no. 4: 265. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10040265

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