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Fibers 2019, 7(2), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib7020010

Obtaining an Artificial Aggregate from Cement-Asbestos Waste by the Melting Technique in an Arc-Resistance Furnace

1
Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials, Refractory Materials Division in Gliwice, Toszecka 99, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
2
Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials, Glass and Building Materials Division in Cracow, Cementowa 8, 31-983 Kraków, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 18 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineral Fibres)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2439 KB, uploaded 24 January 2019]   |  

Abstract

Nowadays, asbestos waste still remains a serious problem. Due to the carcinogenic properties of asbestos, which are related to its fibrous structure, the exposure to asbestos mineral and asbestos-containing materials (ACM) causes dangerous health effects. This problem can be solved by recycling techniques, which allow the re-use of neutralized asbestos waste, instead of disposing it in special landfills. The article presents the results of research aimed at investigating the possibility of obtaining aggregates from asbestos waste by the fusion process in the electric arc-resistance process. A mixture of ACM with selected fluxes was were melted and then cast to form a grain of aggregates. The chemical composition of the material was determined before and after the melting process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were applied to evaluate the effects of the fusion process. The main properties of the obtained aggregate were also measured. The results confirmed that the fibrous structure of asbestos was destroyed in the obtained material, which can be successfully used for the production of artificial aggregates. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos-containing materials; recycling; thermal treatment; melting process; aggregates asbestos-containing materials; recycling; thermal treatment; melting process; aggregates
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Witek, J.; Psiuk, B.; Naziemiec, Z.; Kusiorowski, R. Obtaining an Artificial Aggregate from Cement-Asbestos Waste by the Melting Technique in an Arc-Resistance Furnace. Fibers 2019, 7, 10.

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