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Open AccessArticle

Comparison of the Microstructure Evolution and Wear Resistance of Ti6Al4V Composite Coatings Reinforced by Hard Pure or Ni-plated Cubic Boron Nitride Particles Prepared with Laser Cladding on a Ti6Al4V Substrate

1
Northwest Institute for Non-Ferrous Metal Research, Xi’an 710016, China
2
School of Material Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(7), 702; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10070702
Received: 18 June 2020 / Revised: 12 July 2020 / Accepted: 16 July 2020 / Published: 20 July 2020
Titanium alloy is a major structural material with excellent high specific strength in aerospace applications. Cubic boron nitride (cBN) is a synthetic wear-resistant material with high hardness, similar to that of diamond, that is used in mechanical cutting and grinding. In addition, the thermal stability of cubic boron nitride particles is much better than that of diamond. In order to further enhance the wear resistance of the Ti6Al4V alloy, the laser cladding (LC) technology characteristics of metallurgical bonding were used to prepare cubic boron nitride/Ti6Al4V and Ni-plated cubic boron nitride/Ti6Al4V composite coatings on Ti6Al4V substrates in this paper. However, in the laser molten pool, it is difficult to retain the raw properties of cubic boron nitride particles under laser radiation. Both composite coatings were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The microstructures and interface bonding between cubic boron nitride particles and the Ti6Al4V matrix were examined using SEM, and the wear resistance and the worn track morphology of the composite coatings were evaluated using the ball-on-disc wear test and step profiler (WTM-2E). The results indicated that the Ni-plated cubic boron nitride/Ti6Al4V composite coating showed fewer thermal defects in comparison with the cubic boron nitride/Ti6Al4V coating. The Ni plating on the surface of cubic boron nitride particles was able to avoid the generation of thermal cracking of the cubic boron nitride particles in the composite coating. The TiN reaction layer was formed between the cubic boron nitride particles and Ti6Al4V matrix, which effectively prevented the further decomposition of the cubic boron nitride particles. The XRD and XPS results confirmed that the TiN reaction layer formed between the cubic boron nitride particles and Ti6Al4V. The Ni plating on the surface of the cubic boron nitride particles was also beneficial for increasing the wear resistance of the composite coating. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser cladding; cubic boron nitride particle; Ti6Al4V alloy; composite coating; wear laser cladding; cubic boron nitride particle; Ti6Al4V alloy; composite coating; wear
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fu, S.; Yang, L.; Wang, P.; Wang, S.; Li, Z. Comparison of the Microstructure Evolution and Wear Resistance of Ti6Al4V Composite Coatings Reinforced by Hard Pure or Ni-plated Cubic Boron Nitride Particles Prepared with Laser Cladding on a Ti6Al4V Substrate. Coatings 2020, 10, 702. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10070702

AMA Style

Fu S, Yang L, Wang P, Wang S, Li Z. Comparison of the Microstructure Evolution and Wear Resistance of Ti6Al4V Composite Coatings Reinforced by Hard Pure or Ni-plated Cubic Boron Nitride Particles Prepared with Laser Cladding on a Ti6Al4V Substrate. Coatings. 2020; 10(7):702. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10070702

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fu, Shuren; Yang, Lijing; Wang, Pei; Wang, Shaopeng; Li, Zhengxian. 2020. "Comparison of the Microstructure Evolution and Wear Resistance of Ti6Al4V Composite Coatings Reinforced by Hard Pure or Ni-plated Cubic Boron Nitride Particles Prepared with Laser Cladding on a Ti6Al4V Substrate" Coatings 10, no. 7: 702. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10070702

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