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Perioperative Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Knowledge and Attitudes among Resident Physicians in Italy

1
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80135 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Mental Health and Public Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2020, 9(6), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9060357
Received: 16 May 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 25 June 2020
The aim of this study is to evaluate knowledge and attitudes on the perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP) among surgery and anesthesiology resident physicians in Italy. A Web-based national survey of Italian surgery and anesthesiology resident physicians was conducted between March 2018 and January 2019. Participants completed a questionnaire and three case vignettes for each specialty. Of the 1282 resident physicians selected, 466 completed the online questionnaire for a response rate of 36.3%. More than half of the sample were female (52.9%), and the mean age was 30 years. A total of 36.3% of the participants had an adequate knowledge score about PAP. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that resident physicians in general surgery compared to those in anesthesiology, those who agreed that PAP must be performed within 60 min before surgical incision, and those who were aware regarding the availability about the availability of national guidelines on PAP, were significantly more likely to have adequate knowledge about PAP. Moreover, 14% of participants were very concerned that patients may contract surgical site infections during hospitalization. These findings should be useful to promote educational intervention specifically targeted for surgery and anesthesiology resident physicians organizing training course on PAP, to improve the correct antibiotic use and to prevent healthcare-associated infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotics; attitude; case vignettes; Italy; knowledge; perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis; resident physicians; survey antibiotics; attitude; case vignettes; Italy; knowledge; perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis; resident physicians; survey
MDPI and ACS Style

Pelullo, C.P.; Pepe, A.; Napolitano, F.; Coppola, N.; Di Giuseppe, G. Perioperative Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Knowledge and Attitudes among Resident Physicians in Italy. Antibiotics 2020, 9, 357. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9060357

AMA Style

Pelullo CP, Pepe A, Napolitano F, Coppola N, Di Giuseppe G. Perioperative Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Knowledge and Attitudes among Resident Physicians in Italy. Antibiotics. 2020; 9(6):357. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9060357

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pelullo, Concetta Paola, Angela Pepe, Francesco Napolitano, Nicola Coppola, and Gabriella Di Giuseppe. 2020. "Perioperative Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Knowledge and Attitudes among Resident Physicians in Italy" Antibiotics 9, no. 6: 357. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9060357

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