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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis of a Zinc Oxide Nanoflower Photocatalyst from Sea Buckthorn Fruit for Degradation of Industrial Dyes in Wastewater Treatment

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Department of Oriental Medicinal Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Kyung Hee University Giheung-gu Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, Yongin 446–701, Korea
2
Graduate School of Biotechnology and Ginseng Bank, College of Life Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 446–701, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(12), 1692; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9121692
Received: 9 November 2019 / Revised: 22 November 2019 / Accepted: 22 November 2019 / Published: 26 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Synthesis, Interfaces, and Nanostructures)
: Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles has attracted research attention as a sustainable method of avoiding the destructive effect of chemicals. We synthesized a flower-shaped zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoflower (NF) from sea buckthorn fruit (SBT) by co-precipitation and characterized it using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photo electronic microscopy (XPS), photoluminescence (PL), field emission transmission electron microscopy (FE-TEM), and Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The ability of the ZnO/NF to degrade cationic and anionic dyes, including malachite green (MG), Congo red (CR), methylene blue (MB), and eosin Y (EY), under ultraviolet illumination was studied. The photocatalyst degraded approximately 99% of the MG, MB, CR and EY dyes within 70, 70, 80, and 90 min of contact time, respectively, at a dye concentration of 15 mg/L, 5 mg/L, SBT-ZnO/NF degraded 100% of the MG, MB, CR and EY dyes within 23, 25, 28, and 30 min, respectively. The results indicate that SBT-ZnO/NFs as synthesized is an inexpensive, non-toxic, rapid, and reusable photocatalyst that can play an enhanced role in wastewater treatment.
Keywords: sea buckthorn fruit; zinc oxide nanoflower; dye degradation; photocatalysis; UV illumination; Congo red; malachite green; Eosin Y; Methylene blue sea buckthorn fruit; zinc oxide nanoflower; dye degradation; photocatalysis; UV illumination; Congo red; malachite green; Eosin Y; Methylene blue
MDPI and ACS Style

Rupa, E.J.; Kaliraj, L.; Abid, S.; Yang, D.-C.; Jung, S.-K. Synthesis of a Zinc Oxide Nanoflower Photocatalyst from Sea Buckthorn Fruit for Degradation of Industrial Dyes in Wastewater Treatment. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1692.

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