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Article

Hydrothermal Synthesis of Cellulose-Derived Carbon Nanospheres from Corn Straw as Anode Materials for Lithium ion Batteries

1
Key Laboratory of automobile Materials, Ministry of Education, and College of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(1), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9010093
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 7 January 2019 / Accepted: 8 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cellulose Nanomaterials)
As a most attractive renewable resource, biomass has the advantages of low pollution, wide distribution and abundant resources, promoting its applications in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Herein, cellulose-derived carbon nanospheres (CCS) were successfully synthesized by hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) from corn straw for use as an anode in LIBs. The uniform distribution and cross-linked structure of carbon nanospheres were obtained by carefully controlling reaction time, which could not only decrease the transport pathway of lithium ions, but also reduce the structural damage caused by the intercalation of lithium ions. Especially, obtained after hydrothermal carbonization for 36 h, those typical characteristics make it deliver excellent cycling stability as well as the notable specific capacity of 577 mA h g−1 after 100 cycles at 0.2C. Hence, this efficient and environment-friendly method for the fabrication of CCS from corn straw could realize the secondary utilization of biomass waste, as well as serve as a new choice for LIBs anode materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; corn straw cellulose; hydrothermal carbonization; carbon nanospheres; lithium ion battery biomass; corn straw cellulose; hydrothermal carbonization; carbon nanospheres; lithium ion battery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, K.; Wang, J.; Song, K.; Wang, X.; Liang, C.; Dou, Y. Hydrothermal Synthesis of Cellulose-Derived Carbon Nanospheres from Corn Straw as Anode Materials for Lithium ion Batteries. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 93. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9010093

AMA Style

Yu K, Wang J, Song K, Wang X, Liang C, Dou Y. Hydrothermal Synthesis of Cellulose-Derived Carbon Nanospheres from Corn Straw as Anode Materials for Lithium ion Batteries. Nanomaterials. 2019; 9(1):93. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9010093

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Kaifeng, Jingjing Wang, Kexian Song, Xiaofeng Wang, Ce Liang, and Yanli Dou. 2019. "Hydrothermal Synthesis of Cellulose-Derived Carbon Nanospheres from Corn Straw as Anode Materials for Lithium ion Batteries" Nanomaterials 9, no. 1: 93. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9010093

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