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Open AccessArticle

Functionalized Tyrosinase-Lignin Nanoparticles as Sustainable Catalysts for the Oxidation of Phenols

1
Department of Biological and Ecological Sciences, University of Tuscia, Via S. Camillo de Lellis snc, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
2
Department of Chemistry and Drug Technologies, Sapienza University of Rome P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(6), 438; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8060438
Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 12 June 2018 / Accepted: 14 June 2018 / Published: 15 June 2018
Sustainable catalysts for the oxidation of phenol derivatives under environmentally friendly conditions were prepared by the functionalization of lignin nanoparticles with tyrosinase. Lignin, the most abundant polyphenol in nature, is the main byproduct in the pulp and paper manufacturing industry and biorefinery. Tyrosinase has been immobilized by direct adsorption, encapsulation, and layer-by-layer deposition, with or without glutaraldehyde reticulation. Lignin nanoparticles were found to be stable to the tyrosinase activity. After the enzyme immobilization, they showed a moderate to high catalytic effect in the synthesis of catechol derivatives, with the efficacy of the catalyst being dependent on the specific immobilization procedures. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignin nanoparticles; tyrosinase; sustainable catalyst; oxidation of phenols lignin nanoparticles; tyrosinase; sustainable catalyst; oxidation of phenols
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MDPI and ACS Style

Capecchi, E.; Piccinino, D.; Delfino, I.; Bollella, P.; Antiochia, R.; Saladino, R. Functionalized Tyrosinase-Lignin Nanoparticles as Sustainable Catalysts for the Oxidation of Phenols. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 438.

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