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Review

Colloidal Lithography for Photovoltaics: An Attractive Route for Light Management

CENIMAT/I3N, Departamento de Ciência dos Materiais, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, FCT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, and CEMOP/UNINOVA, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Those authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Federico Cesano, Mohammed Jasim Uddin and Simas Rackauskas
Nanomaterials 2021, 11(7), 1665; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11071665
Received: 18 May 2021 / Revised: 17 June 2021 / Accepted: 18 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multifunctional Nanomaterials for Energy Applications)
The pursuit of ever-more efficient, reliable, and affordable solar cells has pushed the development of nano/micro-technological solutions capable of boosting photovoltaic (PV) performance without significantly increasing costs. One of the most relevant solutions is based on light management via photonic wavelength-sized structures, as these enable pronounced efficiency improvements by reducing reflection and by trapping the light inside the devices. Furthermore, optimized microstructured coatings allow self-cleaning functionality via effective water repulsion, which reduces the accumulation of dust and particles that cause shading. Nevertheless, when it comes to market deployment, nano/micro-patterning strategies can only find application in the PV industry if their integration does not require high additional costs or delays in high-throughput solar cell manufacturing. As such, colloidal lithography (CL) is considered the preferential structuring method for PV, as it is an inexpensive and highly scalable soft-patterning technique allowing nanoscopic precision over indefinitely large areas. Tuning specific parameters, such as the size of colloids, shape, monodispersity, and final arrangement, CL enables the production of various templates/masks for different purposes and applications. This review intends to compile several recent high-profile works on this subject and how they can influence the future of solar electricity. View Full-Text
Keywords: colloidal lithography; thin-film photovoltaics; photonics; light-trapping; self-cleaning colloidal lithography; thin-film photovoltaics; photonics; light-trapping; self-cleaning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oliveira, R.D.; Mouquinho, A.; Centeno, P.; Alexandre, M.; Haque, S.; Martins, R.; Fortunato, E.; Águas, H.; Mendes, M.J. Colloidal Lithography for Photovoltaics: An Attractive Route for Light Management. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 1665. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11071665

AMA Style

Oliveira RD, Mouquinho A, Centeno P, Alexandre M, Haque S, Martins R, Fortunato E, Águas H, Mendes MJ. Colloidal Lithography for Photovoltaics: An Attractive Route for Light Management. Nanomaterials. 2021; 11(7):1665. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11071665

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oliveira, Rui D., Ana Mouquinho, Pedro Centeno, Miguel Alexandre, Sirazul Haque, Rodrigo Martins, Elvira Fortunato, Hugo Águas, and Manuel J. Mendes 2021. "Colloidal Lithography for Photovoltaics: An Attractive Route for Light Management" Nanomaterials 11, no. 7: 1665. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11071665

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