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Analysis of Iron Oxide Reduction Kinetics in the Nanometric Scale Using Hydrogen

Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Chalmers University of Technology, 41296 Gothenburg, Sweden
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Nanomaterials 2020, 10(7), 1276; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10071276 (registering DOI)
Received: 18 May 2020 / Revised: 17 June 2020 / Accepted: 25 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
Iron nanopowder could be used as a sintering aid to water-atomised steel powder to improve the sintered density of metallurgical (PM) compacts. For the sintering process to be efficient, the inevitable surface oxide on the nanopowder must be reduced at least in part to facilitate its sintering aid effect. While appreciable research has been conducted in the domain of oxide reduction of the normal ferrous powder, the same cannot be said about the nanometric counterpart. The reaction kinetics for the reduction of surface oxide of iron nanopowder in hydrogen was therefore investigated using nonisothermal thermogravimetric (TG) measurements. The activation energy values were determined from the TG data using both isoconversional Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose (KAS) method and the Kissinger approach. The values obtained were well within the range of reported data. The reaction kinetics of Fe2O3 as a reference material was also depicted and the reduction of this oxide proceeds in two sequential stages. The first stage corresponds to the reduction of Fe2O3 to Fe3O4, while the second stage corresponds to a complete reduction of oxide to metallic Fe. The activation energy variation over the reduction process was observed and a model was proposed to understand the reduction of surface iron oxide of iron nanopowder. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanopowder; conversion factor; activation energy; thermogravimetry nanopowder; conversion factor; activation energy; thermogravimetry
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Manchili, S.K.; Wendel, J.; Hryha, E.; Nyborg, L. Analysis of Iron Oxide Reduction Kinetics in the Nanometric Scale Using Hydrogen. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 1276.

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