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Open AccessArticle

Interfacial and Bulk Stabilization of Oil/Water System: A Novel Synergistic Approach

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands
Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Aerospace Manufacturing Technologies, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(2), 356;
Received: 23 January 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 14 February 2020 / Published: 18 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro/Nano Emulsions: Smart Colloids for Multiple Applications)
Oil/water emulsions are usually stabilized either by interfacial modification using nanoparticles and surfactants (stated as pickering emulsion or bijels) or by bulk stabilization with the help of low-molecular-weight or polymeric gelators (known as bigels) in response to some external stimuli (e.g., pH, temperature). Both these approaches result in different systems that are quite useful for different applications, including catalysis, pharmaceutical and agrochemicals. However, these systems also possess some inherent drawbacks that need to be addressed, like difficulty in fabrication and ensuring the permanent binding of nanoparticles at the oil/water interface, in case of nanoparticles stabilized emulsions (i.e., interfacial stabilization). Similarly, the long-term stability of the oil/water systems produced by using (hydro/organo) gelators (i.e., bulk stabilization) is a major concern. Here, we show that the oil/water system with improved mechanical and structural properties can be prepared with the synergistic effect of interfacial and bulk stabilization. We achieve this by using nanoparticles to stabilize the oil/water interface and polymeric gelators to stabilize the bulk phases (oil and water). Furthermore, the proposed strategy is extremely adaptable, as the properties of the resultant system can be finely tuned by manipulating different parameters such as nanoparticles content and their surface functionalization, solvent type and its volume fraction, and type and amount of polymeric gelators. View Full-Text
Keywords: synergistic stabilization; nanoparticles; bigels/bijels; rheology synergistic stabilization; nanoparticles; bigels/bijels; rheology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shakeel, A.; Farooq, U.; Chassagne, C. Interfacial and Bulk Stabilization of Oil/Water System: A Novel Synergistic Approach. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 356.

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