Oil/water emulsions are usually stabilized either by interfacial modification using nanoparticles and surfactants (stated as pickering emulsion or bijels) or by bulk stabilization with the help of low-molecular-weight or polymeric gelators (known as bigels) in response to some external stimuli (e.g., pH, temperature). Both these approaches result in different systems that are quite useful for different applications, including catalysis, pharmaceutical and agrochemicals. However, these systems also possess some inherent drawbacks that need to be addressed, like difficulty in fabrication and ensuring the permanent binding of nanoparticles at the oil/water interface, in case of nanoparticles stabilized emulsions (i.e., interfacial stabilization). Similarly, the long-term stability of the oil/water systems produced by using (hydro/organo) gelators (i.e., bulk stabilization) is a major concern. Here, we show that the oil/water system with improved mechanical and structural properties can be prepared with the synergistic effect of interfacial and bulk stabilization. We achieve this by using nanoparticles to stabilize the oil/water interface and polymeric gelators to stabilize the bulk phases (oil and water). Furthermore, the proposed strategy is extremely adaptable, as the properties of the resultant system can be finely tuned by manipulating different parameters such as nanoparticles content and their surface functionalization, solvent type and its volume fraction, and type and amount of polymeric gelators.
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