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Open AccessArticle

Laser-Ablative Synthesis of Isotope-Enriched Samarium Oxide Nanoparticles for Nuclear Nanomedicine

1
Bionanophotonic Lab., Institute of Engineering Physics for Biomedicine (PhysBio), National Nuclear Research University MEPHI, Moscow 115409, Russia
2
Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry, NIFKhI, Obninsk 249033, Kaluga region, Russia
3
Shemyakin–Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117997, Russia
4
Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy Sciences, Moscow 119991, Russia
5
Department of Chemistry and Institute for Lasers, Photonics, and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
6
LP3, Aix Marseille University, CNRS, 13288 Marseille, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(1), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10010069
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 26 December 2019 / Published: 28 December 2019
Nuclear nanomedicine is an emerging field, which utilizes nanoformulations of nuclear agents to increase their local concentration at targeted sites for a more effective nuclear therapy at a considerably reduced radiation dosage. This field needs the development of methods for controlled fabrication of nuclear agents carrying nanoparticles with low polydispersity and with high colloidal stability in aqueous dispersions. In this paper, we apply methods of femtosecond (fs) laser ablation in deionized water to fabricate stable aqueous dispersion of 152Sm-enriched samarium oxide nanoparticles (NPs), which can capture neutrons to become 153Sm beta-emitters for nuclear therapy. We show that direct ablation of a 152Sm-enriched samarium oxide target leads to widely size- and shape-dispersed populations of NPs with low colloidal stability. However, by applying a second fs laser fragmentation step to the dispersion of initially formed colloids, we achieve full homogenization of NPs size characteristics, while keeping the same composition. We also demonstrate the possibility for wide-range tuning of the mean size of Sm-based NPs by varying laser energy during the ablation or fragmentation step. The final product presents dispersed solutions of samarium oxide NPs with relatively narrow size distribution, having spherical shape, a controlled mean size between 7 and 70 nm and high colloidal stability. The formed NPs can also be of importance for catalytic and biomedical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: nuclear nanomedicine; pulsed laser ablation in liquids; samarium (Sm) oxide nanoparticles; femtosecond laser ablation and fragmentation nuclear nanomedicine; pulsed laser ablation in liquids; samarium (Sm) oxide nanoparticles; femtosecond laser ablation and fragmentation
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Popova-Kuznetsova, E.; Tikhonowski, G.; Popov, A.A.; Duflot, V.; Deyev, S.; Klimentov, S.; Zavestovskaya, I.; Prasad, P.N.; Kabashin, A.V. Laser-Ablative Synthesis of Isotope-Enriched Samarium Oxide Nanoparticles for Nuclear Nanomedicine. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 69.

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