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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Fibrin as a Tissue Adhesive and Scaffold with an Angiogenic Agent (FGF-1) to Enhance Burn Graft Healing In Vivo and Clinically

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
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J. Funct. Biomater. 2018, 9(4), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfb9040068
Received: 21 September 2018 / Revised: 2 November 2018 / Accepted: 12 November 2018 / Published: 26 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomaterial Enhanced Regeneration)
There is a need for a strategy to reduce scarring in meshed skin graft healing leading to a better cosmetic result without a significant increase in cost. The strategy in this paper is to increase the closure rate of a meshed skin graft to reduce scarring, which should also decrease the infection rate. Specifically, we used fibrin glue to attach all parts of the graft to the wound bed and added in an angiogenic growth factor and made the fibrin porous to further help the growth of blood vessels from the wound bed into the graft. There was a 10-day animal study and a one-month clinical study. Neither making the fibrin porous or adding an angiogenic agent (i.e., fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1)) seemed to make a significant improvement in vivo or clinically. The use of fibrin on a meshed skin graft appears to speed up the regenerative healing rate leading to less scarring in the holes in the mesh. It appears to shorten the healing time by five days and keep the tissue stiffness close to normal levels vs. the doubling of the stiffness by the controls. A larger clinical study, however, is needed to definitively prove this benefit as well as the mechanism for this improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: fibrin tissue adhesive; fibrin scaffold; fibroblast growth factor-1; wound healing; burn graft healing fibrin tissue adhesive; fibrin scaffold; fibroblast growth factor-1; wound healing; burn graft healing
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Feldman, D.S.; Osborne, S. Fibrin as a Tissue Adhesive and Scaffold with an Angiogenic Agent (FGF-1) to Enhance Burn Graft Healing In Vivo and Clinically. J. Funct. Biomater. 2018, 9, 68.

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