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The Universality of Experiential Consciousness

Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A, Canada
Information 2019, 10(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/info10010031
Received: 16 November 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 11 January 2019 / Published: 17 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue AI AND THE SINGULARITY: A FALLACY OR A GREAT OPPORTUNITY?)
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PDF [177 KB, uploaded 17 January 2019]

Abstract

It is argued that of Block’s (On a confusion about a function of consciousness, 1995; The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates, 1997) two types of consciousness, namely phenomenal consciousness (p-consciousness) and access consciousness (a-consciousness), that p-consciousness applies to all living things but that a-consciousness is uniquely human. This differs from Block’s assertion that a-consciousness also applies to some non-human organisms. It is suggested that p-consciousness, awareness, experience and perception are basically equivalent and that human consciousness has in addition to percept-based p-consciousness, concept-based a-consciousness, a verbal and conceptual form of consciousness that can be utilized to coordinate, organize and plan activities for rational decision-making. This argument is based on Logan’s (The Extended Mind: The Emergence of Language, The Human Mind and Culture, 1997) assertion that humans are uniquely capable of reasoning and rationality because they are uniquely capable of verbal language and hence the ability to conceptualize. View Full-Text
Keywords: consciousness; experience; phenomenal consciousness; access consciousness; percept; concept; language consciousness; experience; phenomenal consciousness; access consciousness; percept; concept; language
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Logan, R.K. The Universality of Experiential Consciousness. Information 2019, 10, 31.

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