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Challenges for the Island of Barbuda: A Distinct Cultural and Ecological Island Ecosystem at the Precipice of Change

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Division of Plant and Soil Sciences, Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, West Virginia University, Agricultural Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
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Institute of Water Security and Science, West Virginia University, 3109 Agricultural Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
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Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, West Virginia University, Agricultural Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
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Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, West Virginia University, Agricultural Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Challenges 2020, 11(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/challe11010012
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 18 June 2020 / Published: 23 June 2020
Barbuda is one of two major islands that comprise the Caribbean nation of Antigua and Barbuda. The island is known for its secluded pink and white sand beaches and, more recently, for Hurricane Irma (September 2017). The category five mega-storm decimated much of the island’s landscape and infrastructure, and the physical damage was widely publicized. Three years after Hurricane Irma, many challenges related to humanitarian aid, fiscal resources, and materials to rebuild remain. There are many natural resource commodity and human social challenges including those related to water resources, agriculture, marine ecosystems, feral animal populations, human health, tourism, and economics. This article includes some of Barbuda’s historical context and identifies a number of current critical challenges and recommendations for activities (approaches) that may advance a number of management practices. For example, the Integrated Watershed Management (IWM) and/or One Health approach(es) include social and fiscal mechanisms to implement programs, policies, legislation, and research in which multiple sectors of Barbuda could communicate and work together to achieve sustainable outcomes. Context is provided to substantiate humanitarian aid, scientific engagement, scientific progress, and political support for a semi-closed cultural socio-ecological island ecosystem at the precipice of change. View Full-Text
Keywords: Barbuda; Caribbean; integrated watershed management; one health; hurricane; ecosystem; island; water resources; agriculture; human health Barbuda; Caribbean; integrated watershed management; one health; hurricane; ecosystem; island; water resources; agriculture; human health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hubbart, J.A.; Stephan, K.; Petersen, F.; Heck, Z.; Horne, J.; Meade, B.J. Challenges for the Island of Barbuda: A Distinct Cultural and Ecological Island Ecosystem at the Precipice of Change. Challenges 2020, 11, 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/challe11010012

AMA Style

Hubbart JA, Stephan K, Petersen F, Heck Z, Horne J, Meade BJ. Challenges for the Island of Barbuda: A Distinct Cultural and Ecological Island Ecosystem at the Precipice of Change. Challenges. 2020; 11(1):12. https://doi.org/10.3390/challe11010012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hubbart, Jason A.; Stephan, Kirsten; Petersen, Fritz; Heck, Zachary; Horne, Jason; Meade, B. J. 2020. "Challenges for the Island of Barbuda: A Distinct Cultural and Ecological Island Ecosystem at the Precipice of Change" Challenges 11, no. 1: 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/challe11010012

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