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Open AccessArticle

Validation of the Short Forms of Centrality of Religiosity Scale in Russia

1
Department of Psychology, University of Fribourg, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
2
Faculty of Theology, St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University, 127051 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2020, 11(11), 577; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11110577
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 28 October 2020 / Published: 4 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research with the Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS))
Since the end of the Soviet Union, Christian Orthodoxy has regained importance in Russian society. Considering the religious dynamics in the decades after 1990, scholars working in the field have been debating about a reliable measuring tool for religiosity. The present study provides a validation of two short forms of the Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS), the CRS-5, and CRSi-7 in Russia, as well as its corresponding translated items. Therefore, data from two large-scale sociological surveys from 2008 (N = 894) and 2019 (N = 1768) were used. A multigroup confirmatory factor analysis with restrictions on the variance and covariance structure of the model shows good results in terms of absolute, parsimony, and relative model fit for the CRS-5 and CRSi-7. Moreover, the models indicate time-invariance, which is a consistent psychometric characteristic of both short forms. The time-invariance is accompanied by the good internal consistency of the scales: The CRS-5 with α=0.85 and the CRSi-7 with α=0.84. The results of the analysis encourage the use of the CRS-5 and the CRSi-7 for research on religiosity in Russia. While the CRS-5 is especially suitable for the Orthodox-dominated religious landscape, the CRSi-7 should be used if non-monotheistic private religious practice and religious experience are the focus of the scientific investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: centrality of religiosity scale (CRS); Russia; scale validation; scale reliability; time-invariance; exploratory factor analysis; confirmatory factor analysis centrality of religiosity scale (CRS); Russia; scale validation; scale reliability; time-invariance; exploratory factor analysis; confirmatory factor analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ackert, M.; Prutskova, E.; Zabaev, I. Validation of the Short Forms of Centrality of Religiosity Scale in Russia. Religions 2020, 11, 577. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11110577

AMA Style

Ackert M, Prutskova E, Zabaev I. Validation of the Short Forms of Centrality of Religiosity Scale in Russia. Religions. 2020; 11(11):577. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11110577

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ackert, Michael; Prutskova, Elena; Zabaev, Ivan. 2020. "Validation of the Short Forms of Centrality of Religiosity Scale in Russia" Religions 11, no. 11: 577. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11110577

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