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Open AccessArticle

The Use of News Information Published in Newspapers to Estimate the Impact of Coastal Storms at a Regional Scale

1
Institute of Environment and Marine Science Research (IMEDMAR-UCV), Universidad Católica de Valencia, 46001 Valencia, Spain
2
Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM-CSIC), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
3
Laboratori d’Enginyeria Marítima, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Barcelona Tech, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Duccio Bertoni and Alessandro Pozzebon
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(5), 497; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050497
Received: 27 April 2021 / Accepted: 1 May 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Technologies and Solutions for Coastal Evolution and Management)
The evaluation of coastal damage caused by storms is not straightforward and different approaches can be applied. In this study, damage caused by extreme storms is evaluated at a regional scale based on news information published in regional newspapers. The data derived from the news are compared with hydrodynamic parameters to check the reliability of this methodology as a preliminary” fast approach” to evaluate storm damage and to identify hotspots along the coast. This methodology was applied to the two most extreme storms ever recorded along the Spanish Mediterranean coast, which occurred in January 2017 and January 2020, severely impacting the coast and causing significant community concerns. The news information from different media sources was processed and weighted to describe the resulting erosion, inundation, sand accumulation, and destruction of infrastructures. Moreover, an accuracy index for scoring the quality of the information was proposed. In spite of some limitations of the method, the resulting regional coastal hazard landscape of damage provides a rapid overview of the intensity and distribution of the damage and enables one to identify the location of potential hotspots for the analyzed extreme storm events. The results show that estimated damage intensity is better related to maximum wave energy than cumulative wave energy during a storm, and that beach characteristics should also be included for understanding the distribution of coastal damage. View Full-Text
Keywords: extreme waves; storm power; runup; coastal damages; Mediterranean coast extreme waves; storm power; runup; coastal damages; Mediterranean coast
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sancho-García, A.; Guillén, J.; Gracia, V.; Rodríguez-Gómez, A.C.; Rubio-Nicolás, B. The Use of News Information Published in Newspapers to Estimate the Impact of Coastal Storms at a Regional Scale. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 497. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050497

AMA Style

Sancho-García A, Guillén J, Gracia V, Rodríguez-Gómez AC, Rubio-Nicolás B. The Use of News Information Published in Newspapers to Estimate the Impact of Coastal Storms at a Regional Scale. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(5):497. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050497

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sancho-García, Amanda; Guillén, Jorge; Gracia, Vicente; Rodríguez-Gómez, Ana C.; Rubio-Nicolás, Belén. 2021. "The Use of News Information Published in Newspapers to Estimate the Impact of Coastal Storms at a Regional Scale" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 9, no. 5: 497. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050497

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