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Anticipating and Adapting to the Future Impacts of Climate Change on the Health, Security and Welfare of Low Elevation Coastal Zone (LECZ) Communities in Southeastern USA

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Department of Political Science and Geography, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
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Virginia Modelling Analysis and Simulation Center, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
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Department of Geogaphy, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
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Department of Population Health Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
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School of Interdisciplinary Global Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
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School of Geosciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
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College of the Coast and Environment, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
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School of Public Affairs, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
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Department of Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
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Department of Sociology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
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Department of Engineering Systems and Environment, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
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The Water Institute of the Gulf, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
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Center for Coastal Studies and Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
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Department of Ocean Engineering and Marine Science, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL 32901, USA
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Center for Coastal Resource Management, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
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College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL 33701, USA
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Department of Environmental Sciences, USA University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
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Department of Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668, USA
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Marine Information Resources Corporation, Queenstown, MD 21658, USA
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Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
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Southeastern Universities Research Association, Washington, DC 20005, USA
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Department of Natural Sciences, University of Maryland-Eastern Shore, Princess Anne, MD 21853, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Retired.
Academic Editor: Kenneth Lee
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(11), 1196; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9111196
Received: 23 September 2021 / Revised: 24 October 2021 / Accepted: 25 October 2021 / Published: 29 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reviews in Marine Environmental Science and Engineering)
Low elevation coastal zones (LECZ) are extensive throughout the southeastern United States. LECZ communities are threatened by inundation from sea level rise, storm surge, wetland degradation, land subsidence, and hydrological flooding. Communication among scientists, stakeholders, policy makers and minority and poor residents must improve. We must predict processes spanning the ecological, physical, social, and health sciences. Communities need to address linkages of (1) human and socioeconomic vulnerabilities; (2) public health and safety; (3) economic concerns; (4) land loss; (5) wetland threats; and (6) coastal inundation. Essential capabilities must include a network to assemble and distribute data and model code to assess risk and its causes, support adaptive management, and improve the resiliency of communities. Better communication of information and understanding among residents and officials is essential. Here we review recent background literature on these matters and offer recommendations for integrating natural and social sciences. We advocate for a cyber-network of scientists, modelers, engineers, educators, and stakeholders from academia, federal state and local agencies, non-governmental organizations, residents, and the private sector. Our vision is to enhance future resilience of LECZ communities by offering approaches to mitigate hazards to human health, safety and welfare and reduce impacts to coastal residents and industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea level rise; land loss; low elevation coastal zones; social sciences; human health; adaptive management; cyber network; coastal resilience; computer modeling sea level rise; land loss; low elevation coastal zones; social sciences; human health; adaptive management; cyber network; coastal resilience; computer modeling
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Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Allen, T.; Behr, J.; Bukvic, A.; Calder, R.S.D.; Caruson, K.; Connor, C.; D’Elia, C.; Dismukes, D.; Ersing, R.; Franklin, R.; Goldstein, J.; Goodall, J.; Hemmerling, S.; Irish, J.; Lazarus, S.; Loftis, D.; Luther, M.; McCallister, L.; McGlathery, K.; Mitchell, M.; Moore, W.; Nichols, C.R.; Nunez, K.; Reidenbach, M.; Shortridge, J.; Weisberg, R.; Weiss, R.; Wright, L.D.; Xia, M.; Xu, K.; Young, D.; Zarillo, G.; Zinnert, J.C. Anticipating and Adapting to the Future Impacts of Climate Change on the Health, Security and Welfare of Low Elevation Coastal Zone (LECZ) Communities in Southeastern USA. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 1196. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9111196

AMA Style

Allen T, Behr J, Bukvic A, Calder RSD, Caruson K, Connor C, D’Elia C, Dismukes D, Ersing R, Franklin R, Goldstein J, Goodall J, Hemmerling S, Irish J, Lazarus S, Loftis D, Luther M, McCallister L, McGlathery K, Mitchell M, Moore W, Nichols CR, Nunez K, Reidenbach M, Shortridge J, Weisberg R, Weiss R, Wright LD, Xia M, Xu K, Young D, Zarillo G, Zinnert JC. Anticipating and Adapting to the Future Impacts of Climate Change on the Health, Security and Welfare of Low Elevation Coastal Zone (LECZ) Communities in Southeastern USA. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(11):1196. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9111196

Chicago/Turabian Style

Allen, Thomas, Joshua Behr, Anamaria Bukvic, Ryan S.D. Calder, Kiki Caruson, Charles Connor, Christopher D’Elia, David Dismukes, Robin Ersing, Rima Franklin, Jesse Goldstein, Jonathon Goodall, Scott Hemmerling, Jennifer Irish, Steven Lazarus, Derek Loftis, Mark Luther, Leigh McCallister, Karen McGlathery, Molly Mitchell, William Moore, Charles R. Nichols, Karinna Nunez, Matthew Reidenbach, Julie Shortridge, Robert Weisberg, Robert Weiss, Lynn D. Wright, Meng Xia, Kehui Xu, Donald Young, Gary Zarillo, and Julie C. Zinnert. 2021. "Anticipating and Adapting to the Future Impacts of Climate Change on the Health, Security and Welfare of Low Elevation Coastal Zone (LECZ) Communities in Southeastern USA" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 11: 1196. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9111196

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