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Simultaneously Improved Pulmonary and Cardiovascular Autonomic Function and Short-Term Functional Outcomes in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease after Respiratory Muscle Training

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Neurology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan
2
Department of Biological Science, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan
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Respiratory Therapy, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan
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Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan
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Center for Shockwave Medicine and Tissue Engineering, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan
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Department of Neurology, Xiamen Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Xiamen, Fujian 361126, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(2), 316; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9020316 (registering DOI)
Received: 4 December 2019 / Revised: 11 January 2020 / Accepted: 14 January 2020 / Published: 22 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Neurology)
Both pulmonary function and autonomic function are impaired in patients with Parkinson’s diseases (PD). This study tested the hypothesis that respiratory muscle training (RMT) can not only improve pulmonary function, but also simultaneously improve cardiovascular autonomic function and short-term functional outcomes in patients with PD. Pulmonary function was measured by the forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), maximum inspiratory pressures (MIP), and maximum expiratory pressures (MEP). Cardiovascular autonomic function was measured by the heart rate response to deep breathing (HRDB), Valsalva ratio, baroreflex sensitivity, and spectral analysis. The functional and severity scores were measured by the Hoehn and Yahr stage and Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). These measures were evaluated in patients with PD before and after 3 months of RMT, compared with a control group of PD patients without RMT. The results showed significant improvement of clinical scores (total UPDRS and UPDRS I, II and III) after RMT (p < 0.0001). Concerning pulmonary function, the parameters of MIP and MEP improved significantly. The parameters of cardiovascular function also improved after RMT, although only HRDB reached statistical significance. Based on the results of our study, RMT can not only improve both pulmonary and cardiovascular autonomic function, but can also improve short-term functional outcomes in patients with PD. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory muscle training; pulmonary function; cardiovascular autonomic function; functional outcomes; Parkinson’s disease respiratory muscle training; pulmonary function; cardiovascular autonomic function; functional outcomes; Parkinson’s disease
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Huang, C.-C.; Lai, Y.-R.; Wu, F.-A.; Kuo, N.-Y.; Tsai, Y.-C.; Cheng, B.-C.; Tsai, N.-W.; Lu, C.-H. Simultaneously Improved Pulmonary and Cardiovascular Autonomic Function and Short-Term Functional Outcomes in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease after Respiratory Muscle Training. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 316.

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