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Open AccessArticle

Poor Control of Blood Glucose, Lifestyle, and Cardiometabolic Parameters in Younger Adult Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1
Department of Family Medicine, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Department of Family Medicine, Sahmyook Medical Center, Seoul 02500, Korea
3
Department of Family Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(9), 1405; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8091405
Received: 13 August 2019 / Revised: 3 September 2019 / Accepted: 3 September 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Endocrinology & Metabolism)
This study investigated the awareness, treatment, and control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), lifestyle factors, and cardiometabolic parameters according to age groups among patients with T2DM. Data of 1507 patients with T2DM aged ≥35 years in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2013–2015) were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to compare the awareness, treatment, and control rate of T2DM and lifestyle and cardiometabolic parameters according to age groups. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for lack of awareness about and non-treatment of T2DM, as well as poor glycemic control, were significantly increased with younger age in both men and women. ORs for heavy drinkers and current smokers also significantly increased with younger age in both men and women. The adjusted ORs for high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (≥100 mg/dL), hypertriglyceridemia (≥150 mg/dL), and obesity significantly increased with younger age in men, but not in women. Among Korean adults with T2DM, awareness, treatment, and control rates of the condition were poorer in younger patients than in older patients. Education regarding the control of glycemia, cardiovascular risk factors, and improvement of lifestyles should be reinforced among younger-aged adults for the long-term management of T2DM. View Full-Text
Keywords: adults; blood glucose; life style; risk factors; type 2 diabetes adults; blood glucose; life style; risk factors; type 2 diabetes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nam, G.E.; Han, B.; Joo, C.L.; Kang, S.Y.; Lim, J.; Kim, Y.-H.; Park, H.S. Poor Control of Blood Glucose, Lifestyle, and Cardiometabolic Parameters in Younger Adult Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1405. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8091405

AMA Style

Nam GE, Han B, Joo CL, Kang SY, Lim J, Kim Y-H, Park HS. Poor Control of Blood Glucose, Lifestyle, and Cardiometabolic Parameters in Younger Adult Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(9):1405. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8091405

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nam, Ga E.; Han, Byoungduck; Joo, Chae L.; Kang, Seo Y.; Lim, Jisun; Kim, Yang-Hyun; Park, Hye S. 2019. "Poor Control of Blood Glucose, Lifestyle, and Cardiometabolic Parameters in Younger Adult Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus" J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 9: 1405. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8091405

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