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J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(1), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010069

Cardiovascular Comorbidities in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)—Current Considerations for Clinical Practice

1
1st Department of Medicine (Cardiology, Angiology, Pulmonary and Intensive Care), University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
2
DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Mannheim, University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 December 2018 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
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Abstract

In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiovascular comorbidities are highly prevalent and associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. This coincidence is increasingly seen in context of a “cardiopulmonary continuum” rather than being simply attributed to shared risk factors such as cigarette smoking. Overlapping symptoms such as dyspnea or chest pain lead to a worse prognosis due to missed concomitant diagnoses. Moreover, medication is often withheld as a result of unfounded concerns about side effects. Despite the frequent coincidence, current guidelines are still mostly restricted to the management of the individual disease. Future diagnostic and therapeutic strategies should therefore be guided by an integrative perspective as well as a refined phenotyping of disease entities. View Full-Text
Keywords: COPD; comorbidities; cardiovascular; diagnostics; therapy COPD; comorbidities; cardiovascular; diagnostics; therapy
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Trinkmann, F.; Saur, J.; Borggrefe, M.; Akin, I. Cardiovascular Comorbidities in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)—Current Considerations for Clinical Practice. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 69.

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